From Indian slums to fame to where?
'Millionaire' kids face uncertainty
MUMBAI, India - They are not your typical movie stars.
Ten-year-old Azharuddin Mohammed Ismail lives in a lean-to made of tarpaulins and blankets. Nine-year-old Rubina Ali's home is a tiny bubble-gum pink shack. A murky open sewer runs down her narrow lane.
Plucked from one of Mumbai's teeming slums to star in the Oscar-nominated hit "Slumdog Millionaire," they are India's real slumdog millionaires.
Like the film's hero, an impoverished tea seller who wins money and love on India's version of "Who Wants to Be a Millionaire," they now have a chance to escape the grinding poverty they were born into. But as their still-unfolding story shows, things never go as smoothly in real life.
The filmmakers are helping the children, but fast discovering that good intentions and deep pockets don't guarantee success. Meanwhile, sudden fame and relative fortune are sowing resentment within the families and with neighbors, who wonder why their big-eyed boys weren't cast instead.
The Oscars will be presented tonight at Hollywood's Kodak Theatre. But the children's lives seem nearly as fragile as before.
"He's supposed to be the hero in the movie, but look how he's living," said Azharuddin's mother, Shameem Ismail, sitting on a rotting board outside their lean-to. "It's a zero."
About 65 million Indians, roughly a quarter of the urban population, live in slums, according to government surveys.
"Most of them are doomed to remain as they are," said Amitabh Kundu, dean of Jawaharlal Nehru University's School of Social Sciences in New Delhi.
It's too early to tell whether Rubina and Azharuddin - Azhar to his friends - will buck the trend.
The filmmakers debated whether to use slum kids at all.
"Part of your brain thinks, would it distort their lives too much?" said Danny Boyle, the British director, by phone from London. "Then someone said, 'These people have so much prejudice against them in their lives. Why should we be prejudiced against them as well?' "
Rubina was cast as the young Latika, who grows up to become the hero's love interest, and Azhar as his brother, Salim.
Boyle and producer Christian Colson figured education was the best way to help Rubina and Azhar. They got them places in Aseema, a nonprofit, English-language school for underprivileged kids in Mumbai.
Some arrive at Aseema with matted hair, never having seen a mirror before. Many need counseling. On one blackboard at the school, the lesson of the day read: "I must close my mouth when I eat."
School chairwoman Dilbur Parakh said that half make it through high school, and she tries to find vocational training for the rest.
The filmmakers also paid the children for 30 days of acting work, give the families a small monthly stipend, and set up trust funds that Rubina and Azhar can tap once they graduate.
Colson describes the amount in the trust as substantial, but won't tell anyone how much - not even the parents - for fear of making the kids vulnerable to exploitation.
As the movie's popularity swelled, the filmmakers' plan began to fray.
Journalists swarmed the school, forcing Rubina and Azhar to stay home. The families started demanding more, asking for cash and new houses, Colson said.
When the city razed Azhar's neighborhood, Colson wired the family money for a new home. He doesn't know what happened to the money, but the family remains camped out in a lean-to.
Most troubling, he said, the parents' commitment to seeing their kids through school has waned.
So the filmmakers have agreed to buy apartments and allow the families to move in. But they won't transfer ownership to the parents until Rubina and Azhar finish school at age 18.
The filmmakers have also faced criticism that they didn't fairly compensate the children, but have declined to reveal how much they paid, again citing fear of exploitation.
"It's becoming a full-time job dealing with the daily hassle," Boyle said. Still, he added, "I'm glad we did it, even with all the headache."
He hopes to give Rubina and Azhar an education rather than a jackpot - what he called a "slow nurturing" instead of "a sudden dash for glory."
"Moviemaking is distorting," Boyle said. "The last thing you want to do is turn them into a star."
Azhar's mom, wrapped in the sparkly pink sari she wore to the movie opening, wonders where all the money the filmmakers promised is.
"I don't know if I should go ask them if money is coming in," she said.
Her husband usually brings in 1,500 to 3,000 rupees ($30 to $60) a month selling scrap wood, but now is hospitalized with tuberculosis, Ismail said.
Azhar sat at her elbow, distracted. His friends had been staring at him as he talked with one journalist after another.
"My friends have seen me get new clothes and go in cars and get books," he said. "Even they want that sort of life."