Kindness is a good thing -- but how do you encourage people to be kind? This fall, Harvard's administration has taken a controversial approach: They've asked incoming freshmen to sign a pledge affirming the importance of kindness.
The pledge requires students to "stand ready to advance knowledge, to promote understanding, and to serve society... to act with integrity, respect, and industry, and to sustain a community characterized by inclusiveness and civility." "As we begin at Harvard," it continues, "we commit to upholding the values of the College and to making the entryway and Yard a place where all can thrive and where the exercise of kindness holds a place on par with intellectual attainment."
Writing on his blog, computer science professor (and former Dean of Harvard College) Harry Lewis says that he finds the whole idea of a pledge -- even if it's a kindness pledge -- unnerving: Harvard, he notes, has historically taken a stand against pledges, which used to be quite normal at colleges, in the form of religious oaths; Emerson would have found the whole concept absurd. (Freshmen, Lewis point out, couldn't really choose not to sign: the original plan, now abandoned, was to hang the signed pledge in each dorm's entryway, putting uninterested students on the spot.) And Virginia Postrel, writing at Bloomberg Businessweek, faults the pledge for being banal and frivolous. Kindness, she points out, is hardly a civic virtue, and can actually inhibit critical debate; the idea of "intellectual attainment," she writes, reveals that "something has gone awry at Harvard." Attainment is just about good grades; whatever happened to "curiosity, discovery, reason, inquiry, skepticism or truth?"
Arguing on behalf of the pledge, meanwhile, are Erika and Nicholas Christakis, masters of Harvard's Pforzheimer House: "We live in an increasingly interconnected world and depend on one another," they explain. In the Harvard Crimson, Rajiv Tarigopula, a Harvard student, writes that the pledge is part of a worthwhile effort: "describing in words the ideal community."
It's quite a debate -- although anyone visiting Harvard's campus, especially during the super-sociable first few weeks of the year, might wonder if there's any population in the world less likely to require a pledge of civility and intellectual excitement than college freshmen. In the meantime, the administration has decided not to post the signed pledges in dorms, as it had originally planned.
Kevin Hartnett is a writer in Ann Arbor, Michigan. His last article for Ideas was about choosing Congress by lottery.
Guest blogger Simon Waxman is Managing Editor of Boston Review and has written for WBUR, Alternet, McSweeney's, Jacobin, and others.
Guest blogger Elizabeth Manus is a writer living in New York City. She has been a book review editor at the Boston Phoenix, and a columnist for The New York Observer and Metro.
Guest blogger Sarah Laskow is a freelance writer and editor in New York City. She edits Smithsonian's SmartNews blog and has contributed to Salon, Good, The American Prospect, Bloomberg News, and other publications.
Guest blogger Joshua Glenn is a Boston-based writer, publisher, and freelance semiotician. He was the original Brainiac blogger, and is currently editor of the blog HiLobrow, publisher of a series of Radium Age science fiction novels, and co-author/co-editor of several books, including the story collection "Significant Objects" and the kids' field guide to life "Unbored."
Guest blogger Ruth Graham is a freelance journalist in New Hampshire, and a frequent Ideas contributor. She is a former features editor for the New York Sun, and has written for publications including Slate and the Wall Street Journal.
Joshua Rothman is a graduate student and Teaching Fellow in the Harvard English department, and an Instructor in Public Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government. He teaches novels and political writing.