Toyota's US sales fell 21.4 percent, while Ford Motor Co. said it sales tumbled 27.9 percent. Chrysler LLC took a huge hit for the month with sales down 35.9 percent.
GM's shares bounced more than 2 percent higher yesterday after sinking to their lowest level in more than a half century during Monday's session.
The nation's biggest automaker yesterday reported selling 262,329 vehicles for the month, compared with Toyota's 193,234. Some industry analysts had expected Toyota to beat GM in the United States for the first time, but both companies were hurt by a sluggish economy and poor sales of trucks and sport utility vehicles.
Toyota car sales fell 9.4 percent in June while truck sales fell 38.8 percent.
GM's car sales sank 21 percent in June, while its incentive-boosted truck sales were off 16 percent.
For the first half of the year, GM sales fell 16.3 percent compared with the year-ago period. Toyota sales were down 6.8 percent for the first six months of the year.
Toyota took the global sales lead from GM in the first quarter, capitalizing on growth in China and Europe as GM saw its North American sales drag down gains in other markets. GM barely won the global sales race with Toyota last year, but Toyota overtook it as the world's top automaker as measured by global vehicle production in 2007.
To help boost sales, Chrysler said it would extend its $2.99 per gallon gasoline price guarantee through July 31. The guarantee lasts for three years, with Chrysler paying the difference between $2.99 and the pump price for 12,000 miles per year. It had been scheduled to expire July 7.
Even with the promotion, which had been in effect since early May, Chrysler's car sales were off 48.5 percent, while truck sales were down 30.1 percent.
The company said the low sales figures reflect a contracting market, especially for pickups and SUVs, and continued reductions in fleet sales.
Honda Motor Co., with its car-heavy lineup, was the only major automaker to report a sales increase in June, a modest 1.1 percent. A 19.3 percent rise in car sales offset a 24 percent drop in trucks.
But Ford, still reliant on trucks and sport utility vehicles, saw its sales drop.