Trapped Chilean miners argue over who's out last
SAN JOSE MINE, Chile—After more than two months trapped deep in a Chilean mine, 33 miners were so giddy with confidence, officials said Sunday, they were arguing over who would be the last to take a twisting 20-minute ride to daylight and the embrace of those they love.
Officials have drawn up a tentative list of the order in which the 33 miners should be rescued, and Health Minister Jaime Manalich said the otherwise cooperative miners were squabbling about it -- so sure of the exit plan that they are asking to let their comrades be first to reach the surface, probably on Wednesday.
"They were fighting with us yesterday because everyone wanted to be at the end of the line, not the beginning," he told reporters.
Manalich told The Associated Press that a few, in private conversations among themselves, have volunteered to go up first. "But no one has done so publicly," he added.
"I think they're more excited than scared or nervous," Brandon Fisher, president of Center Rock Inc., the Pennsylvania company whose hammer-style drill heads created the hole, told AP. "That first guy up might be a little nervous, though."
The final order will probably be determined by two paramedics -- one from the Navy and one from the Codelco state mining company -- who will be lowered into the mine to prepare the men for their journey in one of the three rescue capsules built by Chilean naval engineers.
During the past week, all the miners underwent underground stress tests to assess their health.
Manalich said officials were concerned about acute hypertension in some of the miners as well as the opposite -- sudden drops in blood pressure -- in others due to the speed with which they will ascend the nearly half-mile to the surface.
Another concern is blood clotting.
To counteract it, the miners began taking 100 milligrams each of aspirin on Sunday, he said. They'll also put on compression socks and a special girdle and will be on a special high-calorie liquid prepared and donated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration for the final six hours before being removed, Manalich said.
That's to prevent them from becoming nauseous as the rescue capsule is expected to rotate 350 degrees some 10-12 times through curves in the 28-inch-diameter escape hole on its way up, he added.
Officials biggest worry? "Panic attacks," said Manalich.
"This is the first time in many weeks that the miners are going to be completely alone," he added.
A small video camera in the escape capsule will be trained on each miner's face so it can be watched as he ascends. Each will also have a mask attached to an oxygen tank affixed to their face and two-way voice communication.
The miners will also wear sweaters because they'll experience a shift in climate from about 90 degrees Fahrenheit underground to temperatures hovering near freezing if they ascend at night. And those coming out during daylight hours will wear sunglasses.
A day after drillers broke through to where the miners have been abiding, officials began detailed monitoring of their health and sweating every detail of the half-mile ascent that is expected to last about 20 minutes for each man.
"Today we sent down special equipment to measure their heart rate, their respiration rate and skin temperature," Manalich said.
A video inspection Saturday showed the hole's walls firm and smooth, without any fissures or rupture of walls of the mine.
"If this had been a vertical hole we probably could have done it in half the time," said Fisher.
Only the top few hundred feet (almost 100 meters) of the escape hole needed to be reinforced with a sleeve and workers were welding together about 16 steel pipes for that purpose.
The completion of the escape shaft Saturday morning caused bedlam in the tent city known as "Camp Hope," where the miners' relatives had held vigil for an agonizing 66 days since a cave-in sealed off the gold and copper mine Aug. 5.
The drill that punctured through worked constantly for 28 days with a few breaks when some of its hammers fractured, once on a 2-meter (6.6-foot) roof bolt used to support mine shaft ribs.
When it broke through Saturday, the rescuers chanted, danced and sprayed champagne so excitedly that some of their hardhats tumbled off.
The escape capsules, equipped with spring-loaded wheels that will press against the hole's walls, will be lowered into the hole via a winch and the trapped miners brought up one by one.
Golborne and other government officials had insisted that determining whether to encase the whole shaft, only part of it or none of it would be a technical decision, based on the evidence and the expertise of a team of eight geologists and mining engineers.
Encasing the full shaft would have added another week or so before the rescue could begin -- if it could actually be done.
The political consequences were inescapable. Chile's success story would evaporate if a miner should get stuck on the way up for reasons that might have been avoided.
Some miners' families wanted the entire shaft lined with pipe, but some engineers involved said the risk of the capsule getting jammed in the unreinforced hole was less than the risk of the pipes getting jammed and ruining their hard-won exit route.
The completion of the escape shaft thrilled Chileans, who have come to see the rescue drama as a test of the nation's character and pride.
"What began as a potential tragedy is becoming a verified blessing," President Sebastian Pinera said in Santiago. "When we Chileans set aside our legitimate differences and unify in a grand and noble cause, we are capable of great things."
Miners who videotaped the drill breaking through the ceiling of an underground chamber were ecstatic.
"On the video, they all started shouting and hugging and celebrating," said James Stefanic, operations manager for the U.S.-Chilean drilling company Geotec.
Associated Press writer Vivian Sequera at the mine contributed to this report.