Even before revelations by Edward Snowden on the extent of spying by the National Security Agency, the European Parliament busied itself attaching amendments to its data privacy regulation.
Several would change the rules of cloud computing, the technology that enables the sharing of software and documents via the Internet.
And since the news broke of widespread monitoring by the US spy agency, cloud computing has become one of the regulatory flash points in a debate over how to protect data from snooping American eyes.
Transmitting data between mobile phones, tablets, and clouds, even while encrypted, makes it accessible to snooping.
The European Union wants to regulate the cloud even if that makes its use more complicated.