Dean left the company last June to go work at Nanigans, a Boston start-up that helps its customers run ad campaigns on Facebook. Not too long after that, according to a lawsuit that Dean filed in December in Massachusetts Superior Court, his former employer decided to terminate stock options that are worth about $2 million. Visible Measures claimed that Dean had violated the terms of his non-compete agreement (Nanigans and Visible Measures are rivals in a broad sense, in that both sell services to marketers) and his non-solicitation agreement (even though Dean claims not to have solicited any Visible Measures employees or customers), as well as that he disclosed confidential information about Visible Measures. Dean (pictured at right) says none of that happened. Dean worked at Visible Measures for the company's first five years, and while Shin tried to persuade him to stay at the company, according to the suit, neither he nor anyone at Visible Measures expressed concern that Nanigans was a competitor.
Dean's lawsuit asserts that he was one of the largest holders of Visible Measures stock options at the time he left, and that Shin and the company's board "each will gain personally from the wrongful termination of Dean's stock options, because their stock or options will not be diluted through Dean's exercise of his stock options." You can read the full text of Dean's legal complaint here.
The case underscores one crucial lesson of anything related to equity or employee agreements: get it in writing. While Dean apparently had a cordial conversation with Visible Measures' finance VP about extending the period during which he could exercise his options — giving him 90 days after he left the company to do so, for tax reasons — he never got written confirmation of an extension.
Last October, Dean received a letter informing him that because of his "misconduct," he wouldn't be able to turn any of his outstanding Visible Measures options into stock.
CEO Brian Shin wouldn't consent to an interview about the case, but he did agree to answer questions via e-mail. He wrote:
Visible Measures scrupulously adhered to its commitments to Rishi Dean and was entirely within its rights in terminating his options based on the facts of this unfortunate situation. Employee stock option agreements (like Rishi's) often stipulate that they may be cancelled if an employee violates an agreement with the company or engages in misconduct. The Board of Visible Measures determined after very careful consideration, and with clear and substantial evidence, that Rishi Dean engaged in misconduct that violated agreements he had with the company and was serious enough to invalidate his stock options — this is the case regardless of whether or not Nanigans is a competitor.
We may eventually find out what a jury thinks about this particular dispute between a founder and his first employee.
(Here's a now-pretty-ironic interview with Dean from last March, talking about "collaboration and culture" at Visible Measures.)
About Scott Kirsner
Scott Kirsner was part of the team that launched Boston.com in 1995, and has been writing a column for the Globe since 2000. His work has also appeared in Wired, Fast Company, The New York Times, BusinessWeek, Newsweek, and Variety. Scott is also the author of the books "Fans, Friends & Followers" and "Inventing the Movies," was the editor of "The Convergence Guide: Life Sciences in New England," and was a contributor to "The Good City: Writers Explore 21st Century Boston." Scott also helps organize several local events on entrepreneurship, including the Nantucket Conference and Future Forward. Here's some background on how Scott decides what to cover, and how to pitch him a story idea.
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December 9: Web Innovators Group
Demos of new mobile apps and web ventures at the Royal Sonesta Hotel in Cambridge. Free admission; cash bar.
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Short demos from startups in the financial technology realm.
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Entrepreneurs and investors sit down for lunch, advice, and feedback. Entrepreneurs must apply to participate.