Re: Fallon Tactics Gone Wrong
posted at 9/15/2011 3:12 PM EDT
Andrew that's your opinion, as the real troops that went up San Juan Hill where the 9th and 10th Buffalo Soldiers: http://www.history.army.mil/documents/spanam/bssjh/Shbrt-BSSJH.htm
In addition to being more important than El Caney as an objective, San Juan was also Theodore Roosevelt�s stage. Roosevelt, of whom it was said that he never attended a wedding without wishing he was the bride or a funeral without wishing he was the corpse, was the unquestioned star of San Juan and by extension of the entire Cuban campaign. The commander of his regiment, Col. Leonard Wood, had been conveniently promoted out of the way, so Lieutenant Colonel Roosevelt had the Rough Riders all to himself.
But he did not have the battle for San Juan Heights all to himself. There were after all 8,000 men in the operation, a total of thirteen Regular Army regiments and two regiments of volunteers, including TR�s Rough Riders. The force included about 1,250 black troopers of the 9th and 10th Cavalry in Sumner�s Cavalry Division and the 24th Infantry in Kent�s 1st Division.
Critics have complained that Roosevelt erroneously and undeservedly claimed credit for the victory at San Juan Hill, when he actually was involved in the assault on Kettle Hill. In fact, he did play a prominent role in the fight for Kettle Hill. His volunteers, part of Sumner�s dismounted cavalry force, reached the top of Kettle Hill alongside black and white regulars. The actions of Color Sgt. George Berry of the 10th Cavalry, who carried the colors of the white 3d Cavalry up that hill along with his own regiment�s standard, reflected the shared nature of the operation, with black and white regulars and Rough Riders fighting side by side and with one group sometimes indistinguishable from the others.
Once Roosevelt reached the top of Kettle Hill, he watched Kent�s troops begin to overrun their objective on San Juan Hill. Still eager for a fight, he urged the men around him to follow him into the fray on San Juan. That�s when he found out what happens when you sound a charge and nobody comes. Only a handful of soldiers heard the great man, and he found himself at the head of an assault that consisted of five soldiers. Roosevelt retreated, regrouped, and assembled a more respectable force that reached the Spanish trenches in time to participate in the last of the fight. "There was," he said, "very great confusion at this time, the different regiments being completely intermingled�white regulars, colored regulars, and Rough Riders."6
Then there's this political expediant act by TR after he came back to run for president after the war in Cuba:
When Colonel Theodore Roosevelt returned from the command of the famous Rough Riders, he delivered a farewell address to his men, in which he made the following kind reference to the gallant Negro soldiers:
Taken from: http://www.authentichistory.com/1898-1913/4-imperialism/2-saw/4-afterward/index.html
Now, I want to say just a word more to some of the men I see standing around not of your number. I refer to the colored regiments, who occupied the right and left flanks of us at Guásimas, the Ninth and Tenth cavalry regiments. The Spaniards called them 'Smoked Yankees,' but we found them to be an excellent breed of Yankees. I am sure that I speak the sentiments of officers and men in the assemblage when I say that between you and the other cavalry regiments there exists a tie which we trust will never be broken.
Unfortunately, these heroes of Cuba returned home to discrimination, segregation, and even a revision of the importance of their contribution from Roosevelt himself. In 1899, writing for Scribner's magazine in an act of self-promotion, Roosevelt revised his earlier comments to criticize the performance of African Americans in the taking of San Juan Hill. He wrote that they were "peculiarly dependent on their white officers," and that they ran when encountering heavy enemy fire. Only when he threatened to shoot them, Roosevelt said, did they return to the line.
History can now let us look at these statements and make judgements from them. There might be a day 100 years from now that will judge George W. Bush in being correct in the invasion of a soveriegn nation without provocation and evidence.
There is another point to make about TR and his blind eye to racism-the Jim Crow laws that existed in the South--he really did great things for the cause...please, open your eyes and look at history from all perspectives. When we were children, our history books had TR charging up San Juan Hill, with all white troops. There were 2,000 African Americans out of 15,000 and they sustained 35% of the casualties.
Here are my facts and now is your time to defend the Great White Hunter. I had my eyes opened a very long time ago and please remember history was written by white men for the white masses. Want to debate this topic in greater detail? I felt very ashamed of our country what we did back then in regards to Imperialism. I view it that if we did not take these countries, our rivals would have done so very soon. It still did not make it right....