9. Biochemists and biophysicists
Projected increase in 2018: 37.4 percent
Number employed in 2008: 23,000
Median pay in 2008: $54,230
Education/training: A PhD is usually necessary for independent research, particularly in academia, as well as for advancement to administrative positions. A bachelor’s or master’s degree is sufficient for some jobs in applied research, product development, management, or inspection.
Job outlook: Biological scientists enjoyed very rapid employment gains over the past few decades—reflecting, in part, the growth of the biotechnology industry.