► Today is Friday, July 15, the 196th day of 2011. There are 169 days left in the year.
► Today’s birthdays: Author Clive Cussler is 80. Actor Alex Karras is 76. Actor Ken Kercheval is 76. Former Senator George V. Voinovich (R-Ohio) is 75. Actor Patrick Wayne is 72. Actor Jan-Michael Vincent is 67. Rhythm-and-blues singer Millie Jackson is 67. Rock singer-musician Peter Lewis (Moby Grape) is 66. Singer Linda Ronstadt is 65. Rock musician Artimus Pyle is 63. Actor Terry O’Quinn is 59. Rock musician Marky Ramone is 55. Rock musician Joe Satriani is 55. Country singer-songwriter Mac McAnally is 54. Model Kim Alexis is 51. Actor Willie Aames is 51. Actor-director Forest Whitaker is 50. Actress Lolita Davidovich is 50. Actress Brigitte Nielsen is 48. Rock musician Jason Bonham is 45. Actress Amanda Foreman is 45. Actor Kristoff St. John is 45. Rock musician Phillip Fisher is 44. Rhythm-and-blues singer Stokley (Mint Condition) is 44. Actor-comedian Eddie Griffin is 43. Actor Stan Kirsch is 43. Actor Reggie Hayes is 42. Rock musician Chi Cheng (Deftones) is 41. Rock musician John Dolmayan is 39. Actor Scott Foley is 39. Actor Brian Austin Green is 38. Rapper Jim Jones is 35. Actress Diane Kruger is 35. Actress Lana Parrilla is 34. Rock musician Ray Toro (My Chemical Romance) is 34. Actor Travis Fimmel is 32. Rhythm-and-blues singer Kia Thornton (Divine) is 30. Actor Tristan Wilds is 22.
► In 1870, Georgia became the last Confederate state to be readmitted to the Union.
► In 1910, the term Alzheimer’s disease was used in the book “Clinical Psychiatry’’ by German psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin in honor of his colleague, Alois Alzheimer, who had identified the condition.
► In 1918, the Second Battle of the Marne, resulting in an Allied victory, began during World War I.
► In 1948, President Truman was nominated for another term of office by the Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia.
► In 1964, Senator Barry M. Goldwater of Arizona was nominated for president by the Republican National Convention in San Francisco.
► In 1971, President Nixon delivered a televised address in which he startled viewers by announcing that he had received, and accepted, an invitation to visit the People’s Republic of China.
► In 1976, a 36-hour kidnap ordeal began for 26 schoolchildren and their bus driver as they were abducted near Chowchilla, Calif., by three gunmen and imprisoned in an underground cell. (The captives escaped unharmed.)
► In 1979, President Carter delivered his “malaise’’ speech in which he lamented what he called a “crisis of confidence’’ in America.
► In 1985, a shockingly gaunt-looking Rock Hudson appeared at a news conference with actress Doris Day (it was later revealed Hudson was suffering from AIDS).
► In 1996, MSNBC, a 24-hour all-news network, made its debut on cable and the Internet.
► In 2010, after 85 days,