Human Papilloma Virus
Human Papilloma Virus is the main cause of cervical cancer, McCarthy says. "It also causes genital warts, and can infect the mouth and throat. There are more than 40 types of HPV (the vaccines do not protect against all of them). It's spread through contact with body fluids of people with the illness. There is no treatment for HPV, although most people do clear it themselves within a couple of years," she says.