The Board of Elementary and Secondary Education has approved charters for five new charter schools and expansions to eight existing schools, officials announced Tuesday.

The board granted charters Tuesday to: Phoenix Academy Public Charter High School, set to open in Springfield in 2014 and enroll 250 students in grades 9-12; and the Pioneer Charter School of Science II, set to open this fall in Saugus and enroll 360 students in grades 7-12.

Those schools join the City on a Hill Charter Public School, scheduled to open this year in New Bedford and enroll 280 students in grades 9-12; its sister school, the City on a Hill Charter Public School II, which is scheduled to open in Boston and will enroll the same number of students; and the UP Academy Charter School of Dorchester, scheduled to open this year and enroll 750 students in grades K1-8.

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The board turned down 17 other applications.

“These new charters will bring high quality alternatives to low-performing districts across the state,” Marc Kenen, executive director of the Massachusetts Charter Public School Association, said in a statement.