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Joseph McLellan, 76, venerable music critic

WASHINGTON -- Joseph Duncan McLellan, chess master, book reviewer, and the Washington Post's music critic for more than three decades, died Monday of kidney failure in St. Thomas More House, a nursing home in Hyattsville, Md. He was 76.

Mr. McLellan -- a native of Quincy, Mass. -- continued to attend concerts and write about them until the last few weeks of his life. His final review appeared in the paper Oct. 13.

''There is a stereotype of the young piano virtuoso, particularly the young Russian virtuoso, as someone who plays as loud and fast as he can," he wrote. ''There is not much truth in that cliché, and none at all if it is applied to Gleb Ivanov, who played in the Terrace Theater on Tuesday night under the auspices of Young Concert Artists."

As a critic, Mr. McLellan was known for his generosity of spirit, so his praise for the performance by the young Russian was not unusual. Strongly negative reviews were rare. To highlight negativity was a bit mean, he said, because ''you can find weakness in any human effort."

He once told Washingtonian magazine: ''To be the primary critic of a monopoly newspaper is an overwhelming role. You have to tread softly and be fully aware that your taste is not the only valid taste. All these years, I pasted in the front of my mind that there are many ways to be good."

When it came to music, he was an amateur in the literal sense of the word. He loved music; thus, he listened to it avidly and wrote about it enthusiastically. He also paid a great deal of attention to struggling, little-known local groups and aspiring young artists looking for a break.

Kim Klein, a friend and former Post colleague who often accompanied him to musical performances, recalled him saying, ''Isn't it wonderful that someone in the world this very moment is hearing Beethoven's Fifth Symphony for the very first time?"

Music was only one passion in a richly multifaceted life. A chess master and a member of several local chess clubs, Mr. McLellan wrote a chess column for the Post, covered world chess matches, and edited a syndicated column by the Czechoslovakian American grandmaster Lubomir Kavalek. During his early days at the Post, he wrote for Book World and covered White House parties and other society events for the Style section.

''He was the kind of guy for whom the word 'polymath' was created," said longtime friend and former colleague Joel Garreau. His was a life of ''relentless curiosity," Garreau said.

Joseph Duncan McLellan grew up in Somerville. A sister, Cecilia Chapdelaine, recalled that, as a youngster, he taught himself to write by buying a set of encyclopedias with his paper route money and reading a ''how to write" book that came as a bonus with the encyclopedias. He bought a used typewriter and practiced relentlessly.

He received his bachelor's degree in French from Boston College in 1951 and his master's degree in French literature, also from Boston College, in 1953. He planned to be a professor of French literature but began doing freelance reviews for The Pilot, the newspaper of the Catholic Archdiocese of Boston, and found that he had a talent for journalism. He worked as a columnist for The Pilot from 1953 until 1957.

He was a foreign news editor for Religion News Service from 1967 until 1970 and an editor for A.D. magazine, affiliated with Notre Dame University. The publication, an outgrowth of the devotional magazine Ave Maria, was becoming increasingly politicized as a result of the Vietnam War and tumultuous social change. Garreau, who also had worked at the magazine, recalled that it was ''a roaring success journalistically and a total failure commercially."

Mr. McLellan joined the Post in 1972. He taught literature at American University and journalism at George Washington University.

Mr. McLellan's first wife, Estelle, died in 2002.

He leaves his wife of three years, Patricia of Washington, D.C.; four children from his first marriage, Joseph Jr., Laura, and Sandra Ciarlone, all of Arlington, Mass., and Andree of Woburn, Mass.; four stepchildren; one brother; seven sisters; and two grandchildren.

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