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Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber, founder of French newsweekly

PARIS -- Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber, who cofounded the French newsweekly L'Express and encouraged Europe to emulate the United States, has died. He was 82.

Mr. Servan-Schreiber, a journalist, essayist and politician, died Tuesday of complications from bronchitis, two days after he was hospitalized in the town of Fecamp in northwest France, his son Edouard said.

President Jacques Chirac expressed condolences and called Servan-Schreiber "a passionate man full of ideas and action."

"One life wasn't enough to contain his energy, creativity, and enthusiasm -- so he forged multiple destinies," Chirac said in a statement, referring Mr. Servan-Schreiber's various careers.

After a stint as an international affairs reporter at Le Monde daily, Servan-Schreiber cofounded L'Express with journalist Francoise Giroud. He was only 29.

The publication began as a weekly but soon evolved into a news magazine, propelled early on by its ardent support of France's pullout from its colonies.

Mr. Servan-Schreiber was also known during the Cold War for his support of America and a free-market economy. He put John F. Kennedy on the cover of the magazine in the 1950s, long before his election as US president, and he traveled to meet with Kennedy several times while he was in office, his son said.

In 1967, Mr. Servan-Schreiber published a popular essay titled "The American Challenge," which detailed mechanisms of an economic power struggle brewing between Europe and the United States. In it, he outlined a competitive strategy for Europe, highlighting the importance of science and technology in economic growth and arguing for increased cooperation between European countries. Translated into 15 languages, the book sold millions of copies worldwide.

"He was a great lover of America -- a great admirer of America, from the time that he was trained in the US Air Force during World War II," Edouard Servan-Schreiber said.

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