McALESTER, Okla. -- Terry Nichols went on trial for his life yesterday in the Oklahoma City bombing and was alternately portrayed as an eager participant in the attack and a fall guy in a conspiracy wider than the government has acknowledged.
Nichols hated the US government and worked hand-in-hand with Timothy McVeigh in assembling and detonating the "huge, monstrous bomb," prosecutor Lou Keel said during opening statements in the state murder trial.
"These two were partners, and their business was terrorism," Keel said.
Defense attorney Brian Hermanson countered that McVeigh and other conspirators were responsible for the bombing and Nichols was manipulated by McVeigh to take the blame.
"Timothy McVeigh set him up so McVeigh could cover up the others who acted in this conspiracy," Hermanson said.
Nichols, 48, is already serving a life sentence on federal changes for the deaths of eight federal law officers in the April 19, 1995, blast that killed 168 people. The state charges are for the 160 other victims and one victim's fetus.
Prosecutors brought the state charges in hopes of sending Nichols to the death chamber for his role in the bombing -- the deadliest act of terrorism on US soil at the time. McVeigh was executed in 2001.
Prosecutors allege that Nichols conspired with McVeigh to build the bomb in a plot to avenge the FBI siege against the Branch Davidian sect at Waco, Texas, exactly two years earlier.
Keel said Nichols bought 4,000 pounds of ammonium nitrate fertilizer for the bomb in 1994 and stole blasting caps to set it off. Nichols, who met McVeigh in the Army, also robbed an Arkansas gun dealer of weapons and gold and silver coins to help finance the plot, Keel said.
The blasting caps were stolen from a Kansas rock quarry, and drill marks on a padlock at the quarry matched a drill bit found in Nichols's basement, he said.
The bomb was delivered in a Ryder truck that exploded outside the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building.
"This huge, monstrous bomb was detonated right in front of that building," Keel said. He said those not killed in the initial blast died because of glass that was sent "flying like bullets."
Keel said Nichols "had long been mad at the federal government" and was outraged by the siege in Waco that killed about 80 people.
Hermanson said prosecutors are relying heavily on "assumptions and circumstantial evidence." He said the state is going to "leave things blank" in its evidence against Nichols, who was home in Kansas when the bomb went off.
The defense plans to show that Nichols was a patsy for a shadowy group of conspirators, possibly including members of the white supremacist and antigovernment group Aryan Republican Army.
The first prosecution witness was an FBI agent who searched Nichols's home two days after the bombing. Mary Jasnowski testified she found four 55-gallon drums that looked like the ones prosecutors say were used in making the bomb. She also testified that she found a receipt for 2,000 pounds of ammonium nitrate fertilizer as well as small white bits of ammonium nitrate outside the house.