PORT ST. LUCIE, Fla. -- Residents and tourists in cars, trucks, and campers clogged highways yesterday in the biggest evacuation ever ordered in Florida, fleeing inland as mighty Hurricane Frances threatened the state with its second battering in three weeks.
About 2.5 million residents were told to clear out ahead of what could be the most powerful storm to hit Florida in a decade. Other people in the 300-mile stretch covered by the hurricane warning rushed to fortify their homes with plywood and storm shutters, and to buy water, gas, and canned food.
A Category 4 storm with 140-mile-per-hour winds and the potential to push ashore waves up to 15 feet high, the effects of Frances could make itself felt in the state by midmorning today.
At 8 p.m. yesterday, the hurricane was centered 355 miles east-southeast of Florida and was moving west-northwest at 9 miles per hour. Hurricane-force winds extended up to 80 miles from its center.
This is expected to be the first time since 1950 that two major storms have hit Florida in so short a time. On Aug. 13, Hurricane Charley splintered billions of dollars worth of homes, knocked out power to hundreds of thousands, and killed 27 people when it tore across the state.
Charley's example -- and Frances's tremendous size, at 1,000 miles across, or about as big as the state of Texas -- prodded Linda Silvestri, 58, to get out of the way. Silvestri, who lives in Palm Bay on the central Florida coast, headed inland to Gainesville to be near a hospital, because she just received a kidney transplant.
"I hope I have a house when I get back," she said.
The hurricane warning covered most of the state's eastern coast, from Florida City, near the state's southern tip, to Flagler Beach, north of Daytona Beach. Forecasters could not say with certainty where Frances would come ashore, but that it would strike late today or early tomorrow.
About 14.6 million of Florida's 17 million people live in the areas under hurricane watches and warnings.
Residents and tourists streamed inland in bumper-to-bumper traffic. Traffic backed up for miles on sections of Interstate 95, the main north-south highway along the state's east coast, and was also heavy on parts of Interstate 4, which crosses the peninsula to connect Daytona Beach, Orlando and Tampa.
Geoff Connors of Fort Pierce sat in a line of about 50 cars slowly merging onto I-95 in Fort Pierce. He had enough cash and clothes to get through about five days, though he wasn't sure where he would end up.
"I figured it was smarter to get out of here now. It was a snap decision," Connors said.
Most people who were told to leave were in South Florida -- 300,000 in Palm Beach County, 250,000 in Broward County, and 320,000 in Miami-Dade County. All of Miami Beach, with its Art Deco hotels and flashy nightclubs and restaurants, was under an evacuation order.
The storm and the evacuations it forces are certain to spoil Labor Day outings and make a mess of travel across the Southeast.
Erika and Brian Marwood, who moved from Colorado to Orlando two months ago and huddled in their bathroom with glow sticks and candles while Charley rushed overhead, made their way this time to a Holiday Inn in Tifton, Ga.
"We thought we were doing a good thing getting away from the snow, but there are no hurricanes in Colorado," Erika Marwood said.
Governor Jeb Bush asked President Bush to declare Florida a federal disaster area and make storm victims eligible for recovery aid.
Federal officials promised they had enough people and supplies in the state to handle two disaster-relief operations at once.
"We were successful with Charley, because we were massive, overwhelming, and fast. For this event, I want us to be massive, overwhelming, and fast squared," said Michael Brown, director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency.
People flocked to airports, hoping to get out before all flights were grounded. Some waited in long lines at ticket counters only to find their flights had been canceled. Hotels and motels inland filled up, and gas stations ran dry.
Florida rescinded tolls on major roads and said lanes on some highways may be reversed to handle the evacuation traffic. State officials hoped to avoid a repeat of the mess during Hurricane Floyd in 1999, when 1.3 million people were told to evacuate the state's east coast and traffic backed up 30 miles or more.
The Kennedy Space Center at Cape Canaveral was ordered completely evacuated for the first time because of the dual threats of high wind and storm surge.
Many businesses along the Atlantic coast began closing Wednesday. Stores that were open were stripped of bottled water and canned goods, and long lines formed outside home-supply stores as people hoped for a chance to buy scarce plywood or generators. The arrival of a delivery truck was met with raucous applause in Palm Beach County.
Frances is as strong as Charley, and twice its size, as hurricane-force wind extend up to 80 miles from its center, said Stephen Baig, a forecaster at the National Hurricane Center in Miami. Frances is also about twice the size of Hurricane Andrew, the 1992 Category 5 storm that devastated much of southern Miami-Dade County.
The last time two major storms hit Florida so close together was 54 years ago, when Hurricane Easy hit the Tampa area, and Hurricane King struck Miami about six weeks later. Neither storm was as powerful as Charley or Frances.