Senator pushes to censure Bush for US eavesdropping
Wisconsin Democrat says president misled Americans on legality
WASHINGTON -- A liberal Democrat and potential White House contender is proposing to censure President Bush for authorizing domestic eavesdropping, saying the White House misled Americans about its legality.
''The president has broken the law and, in some way, he must be held accountable," said Senator Russ Feingold, Democrat of Wisconsin.
A censure resolution, which simply would scold the president, has been used just once in US history -- against Andrew Jackson in 1834.
Senator Bill Frist, Republican of Tennessee and the majority leader, called the proposal ''a crazy political move" that would weaken the US during wartime.
The five-page resolution to be introduced today contends that Bush violated the law when, on his own, he set up the eavesdropping program within the National Security Agency in the months after the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001.
Bush contends that his authority as commander in chief as well as a September 2001 congressional authorization to use force in the fight against terrorism gave him the power to authorize the surveillance.
The White House had no immediate response yesterday.
The resolution says the president ''repeatedly misled the public" before the disclosure of the NSA program in December when he indicated that the administration was relying on court orders to wiretap terror suspects inside the United States.
''Congress has to reassert our system of government, and the cleanest and the most efficient way to do that is to censure the president," Feingold said. ''And, hopefully, he will acknowledge that he did something wrong."
The Wisconsin Democrat, considered a presidential contender for 2008, said that he had not discussed censure with other senators but that, based on the criticism leveled at Bush by both Democrats and Republicans, the resolution makes sense.
The president's actions were ''in the strike zone" in terms of being an impeachable offense, Feingold said. The senator questioned whether impeaching Bush and removing him from office would be good for the country.
In the House, Representative John Conyers Jr. of Michigan, the top Democrat on the House Judiciary Committee, is pushing legislation that would call on the Republican-controlled Congress to determine whether there are grounds for impeachment.
The program granted intelligence officers the power to monitor -- without court approval -- the international calls and e-mails of US residents when those officers suspect terrorism may be involved.
Frist, appearing on ABC's ''This Week," said that he hoped Al Qaeda and other enemies of the US were not listening to the infighting.
''The signal that it sends -- that there is in any way a lack of support for our commander in chief, who is leading us with a bold vision in a way that is making our homeland safer -- is wrong," Frist said.
A statement from the Republican National Committee said Feingold's proposal shows ''that Democrats are willing to play politics with the most important issue facing the American people."
A longtime critic of the administration, Feingold was the first senator to urge a withdrawal timetable for US troops in Iraq and was the only senator to vote in 2001 against the USA Patriot Act, the post-Sept. 11 law that expanded the government's surveillance and prosecutorial powers.
He also voted against the 2002 resolution authorizing Bush to use force in Iraq.
Jackson was censured by the Senate in 1834 after he removed the nation's money from a private bank in defiance of the Whig Party, which controlled the Senate.
On Feb. 12, 1999, the Senate did not have enough votes to bring a censure resolution against President Clinton. The Senate had just acquitted Clinton after the House impeached him, accusing him of committing perjury and obstructing justice in the Monica Lewinsky affair.