Large gambling interests place chips on Pa., propose slot parlors
Hearings set to begin on slot parlor plans
HARRISBURG, Pa. -- With the expansion of gambling stalled elsewhere in the country, major gambling interests have set their sights firmly on Pennsylvania, where hearings will soon begin on competing proposals for slot parlors from Pittsburgh to the Poconos.
Though table games won't be allowed, up to 61,000 slot machines will be, enough to draw interest from the biggest names in gambling.
Companies vying to set up shop in Pennsylvania include the world's largest,
Pennsylvania, it turns out, will be the first state this decade to usher in what analysts consider a major expansion of commercial gambling. Michigan, which approved three casinos in 1996, was the last.
''You'd be hard pressed to go to any gambling conference, any boardroom of any company and not find people conversant or knowledgeable about what is going on in Pennsylvania," said Joe Weinert, vice president of Spectrum Gaming Group, a consulting firm based in Atlantic City. ''Pennsylvania is it right now."
On April 5, state gambling regulators will begin public hearings on proposals for slots at 14 venues, including racetracks and freestanding locations, which could make Pennsylvania one of the biggest slot-machine states in the country. Slots could be up and running at the racetracks this fall.
''You can see that by the sheer number of bigger companies interested in Pennsylvania that there are not a whole lot of other domestic opportunities right now," said Brian McGill, an analyst at Susquehanna Financial Group outside Philadelphia.
And many of the biggest companies came despite the exclusion of table games and a gaming revenue tax rate of 52 percent, more than six times higher than Atlantic City's or Nevada's.
''We think there's tremendous market potential," said Jan Jones, a senior vice president for Las Vegas-based Harrah's Entertainment, which is involved in two separate license applications. ''For people that may like to gamble but don't like to go to Atlantic City, there's not a lot of product available in the East."
Once all the parlors are up and running, the state has estimated, the industry could generate annual revenue of $3 billion from slots, which account for at least two-thirds of the gaming revenue in Atlantic City and Nevada.
Pennsylvania was among a half-dozen states where there was a push for commercial casinos in the past few years. For now, efforts to legalize casinos in Kansas, Kentucky, Nebraska, Ohio, Rhode Island, and elsewhere are losing steam. Neighboring West Virginia has also put on hold the idea of adding table games at its four racetracks.
Governor Ed Rendell successfully persuaded the Legislature to approve slot machines in 2004 by promising to use some of the tax receipts from slot revenues to help reduce property taxes.
Analysts say an economic upturn has improved cash flows into state coffers and reduced pressure elsewhere on state governments to unearth revenue sources. They say it is a tricky proposition to get a governor, legislature, or majority of voters to go along with new forms of gambling.
Six other states also have approved the operation of slots at racetracks.
Eleven states have legalized full-fledged commercial casinos.
They took in $4.7 billion from taxes on gaming revenue in 2004, nearly double the $2.6 billion collected five years earlier, according to the American Gaming Association.
Indian tribes also operate casinos or bingo parlors in 28 states.
Atlantic City is in the midst of an approximately $3 billion building boom to diversify its gambling industry and expand its casinos, in part to compete with the proliferation of gambling in neighboring Pennsylvania and elsewhere.