HOUSTON -- Two Russian cosmonauts began to get crucial computers up and running yesterday, four days after they malfunctioned at the international space station and curbed the outpost's ability to orient itself and produce oxygen.
The progress came after days of frustrating effort and, for the time being, removed a set of troubling options lying ahead for NASA and the Russian space agency if the computers continued to fail.
"They're up and operational and this is good news for all," said Lynette Madison, a spokeswoman in Houston for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Cosmonauts Fyodor Yurchikhin and Oleg Kotov pulled off the feat by bypassing a power switch with a cable to restart two of three computer connections. They planned to watch the computers for several hours to make sure they were functioning properly.
Had the machines continued to malfunction, the three-member space station crew could still have remained on board, but other steps would have been taken to maintain the power and oxygen supplies. Russia had already begun to move up plans for a cargo ship to deliver supplies, including new computers, next month.
And ominous questions were raised about the possibility of eventually needing to bail out of the space station -- something a top NASA official rejected earlier.
Maintaining the correct position in orbit is key for the space station. It must point its solar arrays at the sun for power and be able to shift orientation to avoid occasional large debris that comes flying through space.
The computers malfunctioned as astronauts from space shuttle Atlantis were resuming work on the long-running construction of the station. Atlantis's seven astronauts arrived last weekend, NASA's first visit to the space station this year.
During the computer failure, the shuttle's thrusters helped control the station's position. And some of Atlantis's lights, computers, and cameras were turned off to save energy in case the shuttle had to spend an extra day docked to the station to allow more time to figure out the problem.
NASA officials said the crew was never in danger of running out of oxygen, power, or essentials.
However, the failed computers were the latest technical glitch for the half-built, $100 billion outpost. In past years, a Russian oxygen machine and gyroscopes, which also control orientation, have failed.
Critics have called the space station a boondoggle, an ill-conceived, post-Cold War venture between the superpowers which at the moment is producing little science as it undergoes construction.
Meanwhile, two Atlantis astronauts yesterday had another mission to accomplish: repairing a torn thermal blanket that helps protect the shuttle from heat on its return flight to Earth.
Danny Olivas used a medical stapler to successfully secure in place the 4-by-6-inch corner, while James Reilly installed an external valve. "Looking great!" Olivas said as he made rows of staples along the blanket's edge.