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Pentagon expected to ease security clearance screening

Won't require full troop disclosure on mental health

Email|Print|Single Page| Text size + By Pauline Jelinek
Associated Press / May 1, 2008

WASHINGTON - US troops won't have to disclose all their mental health counseling when applying for security clearances under a change the Pentagon hopes will ease the stigma of seeking help for combat stress, the Associated Press has learned.

Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates plans to announce the new policy today, according to several defense officials.

Thousands of troops are coming home from Iraq and Afghanistan with war-related anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress. But many hesitate to get psychiatric care because they fear that could cost them their security clearances, harm their careers, and embarrass them before commanders and comrades.

Gates is trying to remove one impediment, revising a question about mental health treatment that appears on the form required by the Office of Personnel Management, the agency that does the majority of investigations for security clearances regarding military and civilian federal workers, officials said. They spoke on condition of anonymity because the announcement was pending.

Currently, Question 21 on the form asks applicants whether they have consulted a mental health professional in the past seven years. If so, they are asked to list the names, addresses, and dates they saw the doctor or therapist, unless it was for marriage or grief counseling and not related to violent behavior.

The amended question Gates has approved is less stringent. It essentially means troops would not have to worry about therapy they got for difficulties caused by their wartime tours of duty or other missions, said four officials familiar with the revision.

"It is progress. I think it will help," said Paul Riechoff, executive director of Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans of America. "This needs to be followed by a mental health campaign - not just for service members, but for their families as well. But I really do think it's a significant evolution."

Gates is to announce the change in the security clearance application at Fort Bliss, Texas, where he will visit a recovery center for troops with post-traumatic stress disorder, officials said.

Because the revision is only for military applicants and the question remains unchanged for other federal employees, the form hasn't been altered. Defense applicants will receive a packet including the application, the substitute question, and a memo explaining the change and encouraging troops to seek treatment, three officials said.

The Pentagon says the perception of stigma for security applicants is far worse than the reality.

The most recently released data show less than 1 percent of some 800,000 people investigated for clearances in 2006 were rejected on the sole issue of their mental health profiles.

Up to 20 percent of the more than 1.6 million who have served in Iraq and Afghanistan are estimated to have mental health problems, the Defense Department says.

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