Facing $7b loss, Postal Service looks for new rate hike
Revives push to end delivery on Saturdays
WASHINGTON - The US Postal Service is renewing its drive to drop Saturday delivery - and plans a rate increase - in an effort to fend off a projected $7 billion loss this year.
Without drastic action the agency could face a cumulative loss of $238 billion over 10 years, Postmaster General John Potter said in releasing a series of consultant reports on agency operations and its outlook.
“The projections going forward are not bright,’’ Potter told reporters in a briefing. But, he added, “all is not lost . . . we can right this ship.’’
Senator Thomas R. Carper, a Delaware Democrat who is chairman of the Senate subcommittee with oversight authority over the Postal Service, called on Congress to give the agency the flexibility to deal with its future needs.
Frederic V. Rolando, president of the National Association of Letter Carriers, also urged Congress to provide the Postal Service with “financial breathing room,’’ but he opposed eliminating one day of delivery.
“I do not believe that weakening our commitment of six-day service to the public will enhance the long-term position of the Postal Service as a critical element in our nation’s economic infrastructure,’’ Rolando said.’’
As Americans turn more and more from paper to electronic communications, the number of items the Postal Service handled fell from 213 billion in 2006 to 177 billion last year. Volume is expected to shrink to 150 billion by 2020.
Meanwhile, the type of material sent is shifting from first-class mail to the less lucrative standard mail, such as advertising. And as people set up new homes and businesses, the number of places mail must be delivered is constantly increasing.
The agency has asked Congress for permission to reduce delivery days and has previously discussed the need for other changes such as closing some offices.
Cutting back Saturday home delivery, however, does not mean post offices would close that day.
There seemed to be concern on the part of Congress that officials had not looked at all possible options, Potter said, adding that was part of the reason for the three consultant studies.
Potter said he would like to see mail delivery cut to five days a week starting next year.
Later this month, he said, the Postal Service will ask the independent Postal Regulatory Commission to review its plans for the service reduction.
Under the law, the agency is not supposed to raise rates more than the amount of inflation, but there is a loophole allowing for higher increases in extraordinary situations such as the current recession and drop in mail volume.
“We intend to use that tool,’’ Potter said.
He said the Postal Service’s governing board is engaged in lively discussions of rate increases, though he declined to speculate on a new price. Currently, first-class stamps cost 44 cents. Rates for other classes vary.
“We need to walk slowly and very, very careful,’’ Potter said, noting that increases can drive business away.
A proposal before the Postal Regulatory Commission has estimated that increases of 3 percent this year and 10 percent next year would be needed to get the agency to break-even.
While suggestions to close local post offices always draw complaints, Potter said, the current system could be improved by opening more postal facilities in places like convenience stores and supermarkets. A few
The average post office has 600 patrons a week, Potter said, while the average supermarket brings in 20,000 people each week and is open longer hours and more days. Only after such facilities were available would a local post office close, he said.
Another possibility would be to ask Congress for a subsidy, but noting the current financial conditions, Potter said “we do not plan to pursue that.’’ The Postal Service has not received taxpayer subsidies for its operations since the early 1980s.
The agency has cut its workforce from a peak of 800,000 career employees to currently about 600,000, and Potter said it wants to use more part-time people. Over the next 10 years some 300,000 postal workers will become eligible to retire and that will offer an opportunity to make this change, he said.
A major problem for the agency is a new requirement for an annual allotment of $5.5 billion to prepay expected medical benefits for retirees. Potter said he is seeking congressional approval for the Postal Service to go back to a pay-as-you-go standard.