US consumer spending up 0.8 pct., but income lags
WASHINGTON—U.S. consumers boosted their spending in February by the most in seven months. But Americans' income barely grew and the saving rate fell to its lowest point in more than two years.
The Commerce Department said Friday that consumer spending rose 0.8 percent last month. However, income grew only 0.2 percent, matching January's weak increase. And when taking inflation into account, income after taxes fell for a second straight month.
Consumers are spending more after the best three-month hiring stretch in two years. But few who already had jobs saw big pay raises.
Some of the increase in spending reflected the jump in gas prices. But even after excluding inflation, consumer spending still rose a solid 0.5 percent. And the numbers show that most of the inflation was tied to gas prices.
Still, the weak income growth meant Americans dipped into savings to finance their spending.
The saving rate dropped to 3.7 percent of after-tax income in February. That was the lowest level since August 2009. The saving rate had been 4.3 percent in January and it had averaged 4.7 percent for all of last year.
The economy has added an average of 245,000 jobs per month from December through February. That's lowered the unemployment rate to 8.3 percent, the lowest in three years. Most economists expect a similar number of net jobs added in March.
Still, more robust hiring has yet to lift growth. Economists predict growth slowed in the January-March quarter to an annual rate of 2 percent or less, down from 3 percent in the October-December quarter. Consumer spending drives 70 percent of economic activity.
Most economists expect growth to rebound later this year as further hiring lifts the economy. And there are indications that a pickup in spending may already be under way.
Americans stepped up spending on retail goods in February, the government said earlier in the month. Consumers bought more autos, clothes and appliances. They also paid higher prices for gas.
On Thursday, the national average price for a gallon of gas was $3.92, according to AAA. In 11 states, the price is more than $4 per gallon.
Higher gas prices could eventually slow growth by causing some people to cut spending on other goods, from appliances and furniture to electronics and vacations. Gasoline purchases provide less benefit for the U.S. economy because about half of the revenue flows to oil-exporting nations, though U.S. oil companies and gasoline retailers also benefit.
Despite paying more to fill their tanks, consumers remain optimistic about the economy. The Conference Board, a New York-based private research group, said its gauge of consumer confidence held nearly steady in March after reaching its highest level in a year in February.