USDA issues largest recall of beef in its history
Agency says meat poses no harm to consumers
WASHINGTON - The US Department of Agriculture has ordered the largest meat recall in its history - 143 million pounds of beef, a California meatpacker's entire production for the past two years - because the company did not prevent sick animals from entering the US food supply, officials said yesterday.
Despite the breadth of the sanction, USDA officials underscored their belief that the meat, distributed by Westland Meat Co., poses little or no hazard to consumers, and that most of it was eaten long ago.
The recall comes less than three weeks after the release of a videotape showing what USDA later called "egregious violations" of federal animal care regulations by employees of a Westland partner, Hallmark Meat Packing in Chino, Calif.
Hallmark did not consistently bring in federal veterinarians to examine cattle headed for slaughter that were too sick or weak to stand on their own, Agriculture Secretary Ed Schafer said. "Because the cattle did not receive complete and proper inspection, [USDA] has determined them to be unfit for human food, and the company is conducting a recall," he said.
About 37 million pounds of the meat - cuts, ground beef, and prepared products such as meatballs and burrito filling - went to school lunch and other public nutrition programs, and "almost all of this product is likely to have been consumed," said Ron Vogel, a USDA administrator.
However, some larger purchasers may keep meat for as long as a year. Company and government officials will try to trace the meat to notify the purchasers not to use it.
USDA issued 20 meat recalls last year, including one of more than 20 million pounds, and Senator Tom Harkin, an Iowa Democrat and chairman of the Senate Agriculture Committee, called on the agency to toughen its inspection requirements. "How much longer will we continue to test our luck with weak enforcement of federal food safety regulations?" Harkin asked.
Officials at Hallmark and Westland could not be reached yesterday to comment.
About 150 school districts around the nation and two fast-food chains,
The tape, made secretly by a slaughterhouse worker and provided to the Humane Society of the United States, showed electric shocks and high-intensity water sprays administered to cows too sick or weak to stand on their own, and using forklifts to roll such animals. Government regulations prohibit slaughtering for food cattle that cannot stand or walk on their own.
Hallmark fired two workers seen on the tape, and the men face animal cruelty charges in California. A company spokesman said senior management was not aware of the use of extreme measures to get sick cattle upright.
An inspecting veterinarian had said the cattle in question were healthy enough to be used for food, but they subsequently collapsed. Under federal regulations, such animals must be reexamined by a veterinarian and slaughtered separately. That apparently was not done.
One worry when an animal collapses is that it may have bovine spongiform encephalopathy, the infection known as "mad cow disease."