Judge is expected to deny delay of ‘don’t ask’ order
In response, US would pursue halt in appeals court
RIVERSIDE, Calif. — A federal judge said yesterday that she is inclined to deny a government request to delay her order that immediately stopped the military from enforcing its ban on openly gay service members.
US District Judge Virginia Phillips said she would review the arguments from Justice Department lawyers and issue a ruling by today.
If she rejects the request, the Justice Department officials contend that they would appeal to what experts say are probably friendlier venues: the US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, in San Francisco, and, ultimately, the US Supreme Court.
“The farther the decision gets from the presentation of evidence in the trial court, the more likely it is that courts will assume the military must have some critically important interest at stake,’’ said Diane Mazur, a law professor who opposes the policy.
The military has promised to abide by the injunction against the “don’t ask, don’t tell’’ policy as long as her order remains in place.
Government attorneys had asked Phillips for the temporarily halt while they appealed, saying that forcing an abrupt change of policy could damage troop morale as they fight two wars.
The judge declared the policy unconstitutional Sept. 9, saying it violated due process rights, freedom of speech, and the right to petition the government for redress of grievances guaranteed by the First Amendment.
Phillips said the policy doesn’t help military readiness and instead has a “direct and deleterious effect’’ on the armed services by hurting recruiting and requiring the discharge of service members with critical skills and training.
At the time, she asked both sides to give her input about an injunction and, yesterday, called the government request “untimely.’’ She said the Justice Department had plenty of opportunity to modify her injunction before she ordered it Oct. 12.
Phillips also said the government did not present evidence at the trial to show how her order would cause irreparable harm to troops.
Paul Freeborne, Justice Department attorney, told her the government had no reason to respond until her order came down. He said her nationwide injunction was unrealistic.
“You’re requiring the Department of Justice to implement a massive policy change, a policy change that may be reversed upon appeal,’’ Freeborne told her.
Richard Socarides, a former Clinton White House adviser on gay rights, said he does not expect Phillips to grant the request.
“She seems to have lost her patience with the government’s position, and I think that’s reflected in her ruling up until now,’’ Socarides said. “But they will probably go to the appellate court or Supreme Court, and you’ll see in a couple of days that this order has been stayed.’’
The Log Cabin Republicans, a gay-rights group, filed the lawsuit in 2004 to stop the ban’s enforcement.
Under the 1993 law, the military cannot inquire into service members’ sexual orientation and punish them for it as long as they keep it to themselves.