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Sept. 11: One year after

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Globe and Boston.com coverage from September 11, 2001

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Talking about a changed world

Sept. 11 attacks give rise to new vocabulary

By Associated Press

Some words and phrases that became part of Americans' day-to-day vocabulary after Sept. 11:

ANTHRAX: Infectious bacterial disease of sheep and cattle transmissible to humans. Pulmonary anthrax, caused by inhalation of the bacteria, killed five Americans via anthrax-laced letters in the months after Sept. 11. It has not been determined who was behind the mailings.

AXIS OF EVIL: Refers to Iran, Iraq and North Korea, according to President Bush, who accused those countries of supporting terrorism against other nations and trying to develop nuclear, chemical and biological weapons. Bush first used the phrase in his State of the Union address in January.

BIOTERRORISM: The use of biological agents such as anthrax or smallpox to induce panic, disease or death.

BURQA: A women's garment covering almost the entire body, with only a small mesh opening for the eyes. Required by the Taliban for most women outside the home. Also called chadri.

CELL: A small, semi-independent group within a terrorist organization. Investigations into the Sept. 11 attacks identified cells in Hamburg, Germany, and Madrid, Spain.

DAISY CUTTER: Nickname for the BLU-82 bomb, which at 15,000 pounds is billed as the world's largest conventional bomb. Used by U.S. military in Afghanistan. The size of a small car, it costs an estimated $27,000.

DIRTY BOMB: A device to spread radioactive material, causing widespread fear. Consequences more psycho-social than medical. Not to be confused with a nuclear bomb, with its devastating fission explosion.

EVILDOERS: Popularized by Bush soon after Sept. 11: "We will rid the world of evildoers."

FATWA: A ruling on a point of Islamic law issued by an Islamic religious expert.

GROUND ZERO: Used to describe the World Trade Center site after the attacks. Originally a military term used to describe the point where a nuclear bomb explodes.

HOMELAND DEFENSE: Defense of U.S. soil. Sept. 11 marked the first such serious concerns since Pearl Harbor.

JIHAD: In Islam, warfare within oneself against evil or temptation; also, defense of Islam. From the Arabic to strive or exert effort.

"LET'S ROLL": Uttered by passenger Todd Beamer aboard the hijacked plane that crashed in rural Pennsylvania. Beamer was apparently signaling fellow passengers to seize control of the plane from the terrorists.

9/11: Shorthand for the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001.

REGIME CHANGE: Overthrow of a government. Occurred when the United States and its allies forced the Taliban out of Afghanistan.

TALIBAN: Afghanistan's ultraconservative Islamic militia. Emerged in the mid-1990s; essentially overthrown in the U.S. war on terrorism.

WANDING: Using a wand to detect traces of explosives; used in airports since the attacks.

WEAPONIZE: Turn biological agents such as anthrax or smallpox into a weapon.

Compiled by Associated Press researcher Rhonda Shafner.

Today's news:
Ceremony at Ground Zero
Mass. remembers victims
Silence, tears mark day at Logan
Under alert, Mass. carries on
Bush faces day with resolve
World remembers attacks in US
Memorial in Shanksville, Pa.
Updated wire coverage

Photo galleries:
Families mourn, remember
Ceremony at Ground Zero
Ceremony at the Pentagon
Ceremony at Pa. crash scene
Remembrances worldwide
Remembrances in Boston

NECN RealVideo:
Moment of silence observed
Ceremony at State House
Gettysburg Address read
Procession at Ground Zero
A somber travel day at Logan
Images of Sept. 11, 2001

 THE SERIES

 DAY ONE   SEPT. 3

Preparing for the worst
Security has become the new norm in Greater Boston.

 DAY TWO   SEPT. 4

Fear and children
Children's responses may shed light on human anxiety, resiliency.

 DAY THREE   SEPT. 5

Muslim minds
The US effort to win over Muslim hearts and minds is failing.

 DAY FOUR   SEPT. 6

Science vs. terrorism
New chemical, biological threats spur nation's top minds.

 DAY FIVE   SEPT. 7

Detainees
For those deported after Sept. 11, the losses are wrenching.

 DAY SIX   SEPT. 8

A special Magazine issue
A Sept. 11 narrative by former Massport chief Virginia Buckingham, plus an essay by Christopher Hitchens.

A special Arts section
How culture has changed since Sept. 11, including a gallery of art inspired by the attacks.

A special Focus section
A look at how the lives of six Americans were altered.

Everywhere USA
Terrorism comes to God's country.

 DAY SEVEN   SEPT. 9

Where is Al Qaeda?
How have bin Laden and his terrorist group eluded US forces?

 DAY EIGHT   SEPT. 10

Two cities
New York and DC one year later.

 DAY NINE   SEPT. 11

America remembers
The US looks back at the terrorist attacks.

Victims and survivors
A year later, still hurting.

A time for bells and remembrance
A clash of views on terror
Limited damage to the economy
Families build support system
NYC's healing process
Finding comfort in the kitchen
Bailey: A day of atonement


From the Associated Press:
Tribute paid with tattoos
Charities changed by 9/11
White House calls home
9/11 stole innocence, love
Man escaped earthquake, 9/11
Update on 9/11's famous faces
Firemen still burying dead
A mother's note to a lost son
9/11 created heroes in death
Voice mails bring comfort
Little things hold memories
87th floor survivor copes
Sampling of 9/11 memorials
Pentagon survivors move on
Moments of silence on Sept. 11
Survivors try to move forward
Families cling to chances
Sept. 11 widow trying to forgive
Widow becomes an advocate
Workplace response varies
Graphic: Funds offer relief





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