The list of 45 deductions that Patrick is targeting for elimination would affect a wide range of residents. They include deductions and other existing benefits for removing lead paint in a home and adoption fees, as well as capital gains on home sales.
Some said the call for higher taxes could reawaken the state’s antitax movement, which has scored notable policy victories in the past but has been quiet in recent years.
One of those victories was passage in 2000 of a ballot question to cut the income tax from 5.95 percent to 5 percent. In 2002, the Legislature effectively froze the rate at 5.3 percent, while adding triggers that would lower rates further only if benchmarks were met.
Citizens for Limited Taxation, an antitax group that helped push the ballot question, said it is clear that Patrick is now trying to “tax the rich” disproportionately.
Representative Daniel B. Winslow, a Norfolk Republican, said Patrick’s move could energize the GOP. He recalled how Republicans picked up seats in the House after the governor signed a sales tax increase in 2009.
Winslow said voters do not believe that state government has eliminated enough waste and fraud to warrant the infusion of $1.9 billion in fresh tax money. “A part of the problem is that there is a lack of confidence,” he said.
Some business groups are also on edge.
The Greater Boston Chamber of Commerce, which had initially released a noncommittal statement about Patrick’s plans, expressed deeper reservations Thursday.
“The chamber has concerns about the potential impact of the revenue proposals on our economy and competitiveness,” said Charles Rudnick, a chamber spokesman. “We are taking a hard look at the proposals, and consulting with our members, in light of these concerns.”