In a weeklong blitz for his ambitious, but somewhat beleaguered budget, President Obama today is highlighting "clean energy" proposals.
In an economic crisis that has cost 4.4 million jobs already, "green" energy holds great promise for boosting the recovery, Obama told entrepreneurs and research leaders in Washington this afternoon.
"It's said that necessity is the mother of invention," he said. "At this moment of necessity, we need you."
The president pointed out specific businesses that are creating energy jobs, and praised his new science adviser, John Holdren, who came from Harvard, and MIT's president, Susan Hockfield, for work being done there.
It's a choice, he said, between remaining the world's largest importer of foreign oil -- and becoming the world's biggest exporter of alternative energy technology.
"We know the right choice," he said. "We have known the right choice for a generation. It is time to make that choice."
In advance of the meeting, the White House released a "fact sheet" saying that the $787 billion stimulus bill includes $39 billion in energy investments at the Department of Energy and $20 billion in tax incentives for clean energy.
Obama's $3.6 trillion spending blueprint, which is under criticism from both Republicans and some Democrats because of new, higher deficit projections, includes almost $75 billion over 10 years to make the research and experimentation tax credit permanent.
The president argues that alternative energy will create jobs, wean the country from foreign oil, and help make progress on global warming.
Obama also promoted his budget in his weekly Internet and radio address on Saturday and in an interview on "60 Minutes" on Sunday, and plans to do so again in a primetime news conference on Tuesday.
He also had his grassroots army knock on doors over the weekend to build support for his budget.
"It’s an economic blueprint for our future – a vision of America where growth is not based on real estate bubbles or overleveraged banks, but on a firm foundation of investments in energy, education, and healthcare that will lead to a real and lasting prosperity," he said in his weekly address. "These investments are not a wish list of priorities that I picked out of thin air – they are a central part of a comprehensive strategy to grow this economy by attacking the very problems that have dragged it down for too long: the high cost of health care and our dependence on foreign oil; our education deficit and our fiscal deficit."
He said renewable energy is one of four core principles he will insist on as Congress debates and rewrites his proposal.
"First, it must reduce our dependence on dangerous foreign oil and finally put this nation on a path to a clean, renewable energy future. There is no longer a doubt that the jobs and industries of tomorrow will involve harnessing renewable sources of energy. The only question is whether America will lead that future."
The fact sheet is below:
FACT SHEET: INVESTING IN OUR CLEAN ENERGY FUTURE
Today, President Obama will meet with clean energy entrepreneurs and leaders of the research community to discuss his strategy for building a clean energy economy and creating the industries and jobs of the future.
The American Reinvestment Recovery Act and his FY10 budget dramatically increase investment in cutting-edge research, the development and deployment of clean energy technologies, and incentives for private sector R&D. These investments will establish the foundation for America’s future economic prosperity, reduce our dependence on foreign oil, and help combat climate change.
The ARRA includes $39 billion in energy investments at the Department of Energy and $20 billion in tax incentives for clean energy, including:
The creation of an advanced research agency for energy, modeled after the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency which developed the Internet
Support for Energy Frontier Research Centers, which could lead to breakthroughs in energy storage, super-efficient engines, and solar cells as cheap as paint
Supporting U.S. manufacturing of advanced batteries needed for plug-in hybrids, renewable energy backup, and other applications
$1.2 billon for research infrastructure for the Department of Energy’s national labs, which is being announced by Secretary of Energy Steven Chu today at Brookhaven National Laboratory.
The President’s 10-year budget also proposes almost $75 billion to make the Research and Experimentation Tax Credit permanent, stimulating private-sector investment in R&D and keeping the U.S. economy at the cutting-edge of 21st century technologies:
Studies have shown that every dollar of tax benefit stimulates as much as an additional dollar of private R&D spending in the short run and two dollars in the long run. Every $1 of R & D adds $2 of benefit to our economy and society as a whole.
Two-thirds of benefits of the credit are attributable to salaries of U.S. workers performing U.S.-based research, and the credit stimulates R&D spending by more than 11,000 small, medium and large firms.
The credit has been extended 13 times with some extensions lasting just 6 months, and has also been allowed to lapse for almost a year - undermining its effectiveness because companies can't count on it.
Several of the technologies in the program today will be on display, highlighting the importance of R&D investment in building a clean energy economy, including:
Orion Energy “Apollo Light Pipe”: The Apollo Light Pipe collects and focuses sunlight, bringing natural light indoors without consuming electricity and replacing traditional lighting for large portions of the day. Coca-Cola and Sysco have installed this system, saving enough energy to power over 500 homes for a year.
Solyndra Solar Panel: Solyndra is the first recipient of the DOE Loan Guarantee recovery program, announced last week. Their solar panel is a unique cylindrical design that maximizes direct sunlight and absorption.
The program will highlight success stories from R&D investments in the lab to job creation. Paul Holland, the Vice Chairman of the Board and Lead Investor for Serious Materials, will introduce the President and share the story of Serious Materials, the leading energy-saving building materials company in the US.
Serious Materials has 4 plants in California, Colorado, Pennsylvania, and plans to reopen the old Republic Windows plant in Chicago this Spring.
Earlier this month, Serious Materials re-opened a previously shuttered plant in Pennsylvania, and is hiring back over 100 union workers in the next couple of months.
Serious Materials’ products exceed current Energy Star standards by up to 400 percent and can reduce heating and cooling energy costs by up to 50%. 5% of US energy use is lapsed through inefficient window glass.
THE PRESIDENT: Thank you, Paul, for talking about the work that you're doing at Serious Materials. And thank you, Susan, for describing the research that's taking place under your leadership at MIT. I have to say that Susan made sure to tell me not to touch anything on the table. (Laughter.) I was going to do some experiments for you today -- (laughter) -- but we decided not to.
Finally, I'd like to thank everyone who's here for joining us this afternoon. And I want to introduce a few people on our team that are critical to this effort. As was already mentioned John Holdren, has now been confirmed our White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. (Applause.) Carol Browner is here, assistant to me for Energy and Climate Change. (Applause.) And behind her is Nancy Sutley, who is the Chair of the White House Council on Environmental Quality. (Applause.)
So thanks to them, thanks to all of you for coming. Welcome to the White House.
We gather at a challenging time for our country. We face an economic crisis unlike any we've known in a generation. We've lost 4.4 million jobs since this recession began. Millions of families are at risk of losing their homes, and tens of millions more have lost value in their homes. Our financial system has been severely undermined by the collapse of a credit bubble that was -- is as irresponsible as it was unsustainable.
Now, many of you in this room, I know, are experiencing this crisis in one way or another. Perhaps you've won fewer investors than you'd hoped, or you've earned lower revenues than you expected; perhaps your share price has fallen, or the cost of securing a loan has risen.
But you're also helping us to overcome this crisis. Paul's company, Serious Materials, just reopened, as he mentioned, a manufacturing plant outside of Pittsburgh. Last year, that factory was shuttered and more than one hundred jobs were lost. The town was devastated.
Today, that factory is whirring back to life, and Serious Materials is rehiring the folks who lost their jobs. And these workers will now have a new mission: producing some of the most energy-efficient windows in the world.
We've got other examples in this room. Deepika Singh -- where is Deepika, is she here? There you are, right there. Deepika is here from Gainesville, Florida. She's the founder and president of Sinmat -- did I pronounce that correctly? -- that's developing new ways to manufacture microchips that can help power smarter energy systems, from more fuel-efficient hybrid cars to more responsive, efficient lighting for homes and businesses.
So these are the stories that are being told all across our country. I remember during the campaign I visited McKinstry Company in Seattle, which is retrofitting schools and businesses to make them more energy efficient. McKinstry is expanding and expects to hire as many as 500 new workers in the next few years.
I visited another company, PV Powered, a company developing more reliable solar technology in Bend, Oregon. And then there was Bombard Electric in Las Vegas which is building up Nevada's renewable energy capacity.
And just last week I visited the Electric Vehicle Technical Center in Pomona, California, which is testing batteries to power a new generation of plug-in hybrids that will help end our dependence on foreign oil. I have to say, Susan, the battery I saw was bigger than that one that's on the desk -- (laughter) -- but that may be the direction we're moving.
So innovators like you are creating the jobs that will foster our recovery –- and creating the technologies that will power our long-term prosperity.
So I thank you for your work. It's said that necessity is the mother of invention. At this moment of necessity, we need you. We need some inventiveness. Your country needs you to create new jobs and lead new industries. Your country needs you to mount a historic effort to end once and for all our dependence on foreign oil.
And in this difficult endeavor -- in this pursuit on which I believe our future depends -- your country will support you. Your President will support you.
My administration has begun implementing the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, which will create or save 3.5 million jobs -- and 90 percent of those will be in the private sector. Through $59 billion invested in clean energy and in tax incentives to promote clean energy, the Recovery Act is estimated to create more than 300,000 jobs.
And these are jobs that will be created as we double our country's supply of renewable energy and make the largest investment in basic research funding in American history. These are jobs developing new batteries to power the next generation of plug-in hybrid cars, like those being tested at the facility I visited in California last week. These are jobs upgrading our power grid, so that it can carry renewable energy from the far-flung places that -- where it's produced to the cities that use it.
And these are jobs that will be created through today's announced $1.2 billion for research through the Department of Energy's national labs. As we speak, my Secretary of Energy, Steven Chu, is visiting Brookhaven National Laboratory on Long Island, where recovery funds will speed construction of a laboratory that will help develop materials for new solar cells and other clean energy technologies.
Through this plan, we have achieved more in two months in support of a new, clean energy economy than we've achieved in perhaps 30 years. And the budget I've proposed builds on this foundation. The budget is a comprehensive strategy to grow this economy. We will attack the problems that have held us back for too long: the high cost of health care, the budget deficit, our broken education system, and our energy dependence.
We have a choice. We can choose to do what we've done. We can leave these problems for the next budget or the next administration, but more likely for the next generation.
But we've seen the consequences of this failure to take responsibility, this failure to seize the moment. We've seen the cycles of boom and bust. We've seen our dependence on foreign oil rise. We've seen health care premiums nearly double over the past eight years. We've seen our schools fall short. In other words, we've seen enough.
We can remain the world's leading importer of foreign oil, or we can become the world's leading exporter of renewable energy. We can allow climate change to wreck unnatural havoc, or we can create jobs preventing its worst effects. We can hand over the jobs of the 21st century to our competitors, or we can create those jobs right here in America.
We know the right choice. We have known the right choice for a generation. The time has come to make that choice, to act on what we know. And that's why my budget makes a historic investment: $150 billion over 10 years in clean energy and energy efficiency, building on what we've achieved through the Recovery Plan.
And it includes a 10-year commitment to make the Research and Experimentation Tax Credit permanent. This is a tax credit that Serious Materials has used to grow its business, and one I'm sure others here today have used, as well. This is a tax credit that returns $2 to the economy for every dollar we spend.
Yet over the years we've allowed this credit to lapse or we've extended it year to year -- even just a few months at a time. Under my budget, this tax credit will no longer fall prey to the whims of politics and partisanship. It will be far more effective when businesses like yours can count on it, when you've got some stability and reliability.
I've also proposed reducing to zero the capital gains tax for investments in small or startup businesses -- expanding and making permanent one of the tax cuts in the recovery plan. And federal agencies will continue to set aside a portion of R&D budgets for small businesses, because small businesses are innovative businesses, producing 13 times more patents per employee than large companies.
Finally, building on the Recovery Plan my administration is implementing and the budget I have proposed, we will be pursuing comprehensive legislation to finally end our addiction to foreign oil and prevent the worst consequences of climate change, while creating the incentives to finally make clean energy the profitable kind of energy in America.
And we know how much promise this holds. Orion Energy Systems is a perfect example, which Neal Verfuerth -- did I say that, Neal, properly?
MR. VERFUERTH: Yes, sir.
THE PRESIDENT: Is that you right there?
MR. VERFUERTH: Yes, sir.
THE PRESIDENT: Okay. Neal just spoke to you about this. Orion employs more than 250 people providing energy-saving lighting to Fortune 500 companies. And it recently began work on a new 70,000 square foot office and technology center.
Long before this success, Neal had tried his hands at clean energy. He bought two solar panel distributorships. But the manufacturing companies he depended on went under. Years later, he started Orion as a distributor for lighting systems, growing with the help of loans through the Small Business Administration.
Then, about 10 years ago, he had an idea. It was in the middle of the night, but Neal hopped in his car and drove to a factory in Plymouth. This was one of those moments when the future refused to wait until morning. (Laughter.) He grabbed two-by-fours and a broom handle. He tinkered until somebody else arrived. He had finally figured out a design for a new lighting fixture that made it possible to produce twice the light using half the energy.
But as Neal will tell you, this is when the real work began: seeking capital; seeking customers; seeking the support that would allow him to test and improve and perfect what he had designed. And that took time, and that took patience, and it took creativity.
Progress is rarely easy, and I know people in this room understand that. Sometimes it takes months to learn that your ideas just won't work -– or years to learn that it will. Sometimes the funding dries up or the investors walk away. Sometimes you have to fail before you can succeed.
And often it takes not just the commitment of an innovator, but the commitment of a country to innovation. Often, what's required is the support of government, recognizing that our future is what we make of it. Our future is what we build it to be.
So all of you, you are helping us to build a cleaner, brighter future, and a stronger, more prosperous economy. And my administration and our country will support you in that difficult work.
Thank you. (Applause.)
By the way, I was just thinking about it -- I suspect this is Orion as opposed to "Orion," but -- (laughter) -- the way it was written up, I just wanted to make sure while I was giving you a plug that -- (laughter) -- that we got the right plug. All right -- it's Orion. All right. Thank you, guys. (Applause.)
About Political Intelligence
Glen Johnson is Politics Editor at boston.com and lead blogger for "Political Intelligence." He moved to Massachusetts in the fourth grade, and has covered local, state, and national politics for over 25 years. E-mail him at firstname.lastname@example.org. Follow him on Twitter @globeglen.