NAIROBI - Kenya's rival political parties moved toward an agreement to share power, the chief mediator said yesterday, raising hopes for a breakthrough in the postelection crisis that has left more than 1,000 people dead.
In another sign tensions were easing, the internal security minister lifted the ban on public rallies imposed after violence broke out over the East African country's disputed Dec. 27 presidential election.
Former UN chief Kofi Annan, who is mediating talks, said he expected to complete work on a settlement by early next week. "We are making progress," Annan said.
A power-sharing agreement would be a major breakthrough in the political deadlock gripping the country since the announcement of President Mwai Kibaki's narrow victory after a vote count that foreign and local observers say was flawed.
The ensuing violence has often pitted many of the country's myriad ethnic groups against one another.
Government negotiator Mutula Kilonzo said the two sides had no other choice.
"We have agreed that the solution is in a political settlement. How, when, where, and by whom will be discussed on Monday," Kilonzo said. "We have no choice. We can't allow our people to kill each other because of election results."
Earlier, an opposition lawmaker on the negotiating team said a power-sharing deal had been reached.
William Ruto said the two sides still were discussing who would lead the government and what roles each party would play. But Annan said Ruto "was jumping the gun."
Opposition leader Raila Odinga originally said only new elections would bring peace, while Kibaki maintained his position as president was not negotiable. The two came under international pressure to form a power-sharing government.
On Thursday, Odinga retreated from his earlier calls that Kibaki should step down.
"We are saying that we are willing to give and take. Initially our stand was that we won the elections, and Mr. Kibaki lost the elections, he should resign, and we should be sworn in, but we have said that we are not static on that point," Odinga told reporters.
Speaking at a prayer meeting in Nairobi yesterday, Kibaki said he was encouraged by progress in talks and reiterated "my personal support and that of my entire government to this process."
Tens of thousands of opposition supporters took the street in the week after the announcement of election results. The government imposed a ban on public rallies, and police used live bullets, tear gas, and water cannons to enforce the order.
Internal Security Minister George Saitoti said the ban was lifted yesterday because "security has generally improved." He urged legislators and others to hold meetings "to promote peace and national reconciliation" and not to use rallies as "avenues to incite violence."
But some opposition supporters insisted they would not back down until Odinga was named president.
"We won't, we can't agree. We want our rights, we will go back to the streets," said Evans Omogi, a driver in the western city of Kisumu, the scene of much of the worst violence.
Yesterday, about 5,000 people fled a makeshift camp for those forced from their homes in the western town of Kericho, fearing violence ahead of today's funeral for an opposition lawmaker slain last week.
About 1,000 people were left in the camp, said Red Cross official Susan Onyango.
Kericho's main street was packed with families hastily piling furniture onto government trucks taking them to areas where their ethnic group was predominant.
The slain legislator was killed in what the opposition described as a politically motivated assassination, but what police said was a crime of passion by a traffic policeman who believed his girlfriend was involved with the politician. The killing had sparked attacks on the policeman's ethnic group, the Kisii.
Also yesterday, State Department spokesman Tom Casey said the United States has notified 13 Kenyan politicians and business people suspected of supporting or inciting violence that their US visa status is under review.