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Benedict XVI ushers in his first Christmas as pontiff

Offers prayers for Holy Land and unborn children

VATICAN CITY -- Pope Benedict XVI offered a Christmas prayer for peace in the Holy Land and made a special mention of children, including the unborn, as he celebrated his first Midnight Mass in the splendor of St. Peter's Basilica.

Benedict's reference to the unborn in his homily was a clear reference to the Roman Catholic Church's opposition to abortion.

''God is so powerful that he can make himself vulnerable and come to us as a defenseless child, so that we can love him," Benedict said, referring to the birth of Jesus. He said that ''something of the splendor" of Christmas ''shines on every child, even on those still unborn." Reading his homily slowly, Benedict stressed the word ''every" in his reference to children.

''On this night, when we look toward Bethlehem, let us pray in a special way for the birthplace of our Redeemer and for the men and women who live and suffer there," the pope said. ''We wish to pray for peace in the Holy Land."

At the start of the service, a dozen children brought flowers up to the center altar, placing them near a statue depicting baby Jesus while a choir of adults and youths sang hymns.

Benedict wore gold-colored robes and blessed the crowd when he arrived, striding up the central aisle of the basilica, which was packed with pilgrims, tourists, and Romans.

About 10,000 people obtained tickets for the Mass. For the overflow, two giant screens were set up in St. Peter's Square, which was made festive with a 100-foot-tall Austrian fir, shimmering with decorations.

It was Benedict's first midnight Mass since being elected April 19 and the first major public engagement of the Christmas period at the Vatican for the 78-year-old pontiff.

Earlier in the evening, Benedict appeared at his studio window briefly to light a candle and bless the crowds below who had gathered to watch the unveiling of the Vatican's Nativity scene. He was keeping up the tradition of his predecessor, Pope John Paul II, by delivering a silent Christmas Eve blessing to the faithful.

On Christmas Day at noon, Benedict is scheduled to deliver the ''Urbi et Orbi" message (Latin for ''to the city and to the world") to pilgrims and tourists in St. Peter's Square and to offer holiday greetings.

John Paul II used to delight the crowds by delivering holiday wishes in dozens of languages. He also would use the ''Urbi et Orbi" message to review conditions around the world, often lamenting conflicts, poverty, and the excesses of consumerism.

John Paul's longtime aide, Archbishop Stanislaw Dziwisz, recalled yesterday the late pope's final Christmas, saying, ''We saw a very tired Holy Father,and we were aware that maybe it would be the last." John Paul died April 2.

Despite his ailments, ''the Holy Father showed his guests warmth, and with the same love he shared the wafer, and he even sang carols," Dziwisz told a television station in Krakow, Poland, where he leads the archdiocese.

On New Year's Eve, Benedict is scheduled to preside over an evening prayer service, and the following day to celebrate Mass in St. Peter's Basilica to mark World Peace Day.

In his homily at midnight Mass, Benedict mentioned no other area of conflict other than the Holy Land.

Benedict ended his homily with this appeal to God: ''Where there is conflict, give birth to peace. Where there is hatred, make love spring up! Where darkness prevails, let light shine."

Thirty cardinals who helped elect Benedict last April 19 to succeed John Paul joined him in celebrating the Christmas midnight Mass from the basilica's main altar.

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