ISLAMABAD, Pakistan - President Pervez Musharraf yielded to pressure from the United States yesterday and said Pakistan will hold elections by mid-February. But he showed no sign of ending a political crackdown, sending police to surround the home of opposition leader Benazir Bhutto and detaining thousands ahead of a major protest.
The move against Bhutto occurred today amid a broader crackdown on her supporters, who were planning to rally near Islamabad against Musharraf's emergency rule. Bhutto's party said some 5,000 of its supporters have been rounded up in the past three days, and riot police were out in force in nearby Rawalpindi, the city where today's rally was to take place.
A security official, who spoke anonymously because he was not authorized to talk to the media, said Bhutto had been placed under house arrest. He offered no other details.
Information Minister Tariq Aziz said Bhutto was not formally under house arrest, but "we will not allow any leader to carry out any rally," he said The Associated Press.
Yesterday, the White House hailed Musharraf's pledge to hold the parliamentary vote, which will occur just a month later than originally planned. But Bhutto denounced his announcement as "vague" and demanded Musharraf give up his second post as army chief within a week.
She said the antigovernment rally set for today would go ahead despite warnings it could be targeted by suicide bombers. She heads Pakistan's biggest party, and her decision to join in protests was another blow for Musharraf, who has seen his popularity slide this year amid growing resentment of military rule and increasing violence by Islamic militants.
Raja Javed Ashraf, a lawmaker for Bhutto's Pakistan People's Party, said today that authorities had arrested 5,000 of its supporters to head off the major demonstration called against emergency rule.
The arrests across the eastern province of Punjab began Wednesday and continued through this morning as police took up positions around Rawalpindi, a garrison city near the capital.
"It is a massive crackdown on our party," said Ashraf.
Officials publicly offered no immediate comment, but a security official, speaking on the condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to talk to the media, said only 1,000 Bhutto supporters had been detained.
Yesterday, in a fourth day of protests against the general's imposition of emergency rule over the weekend, lawyers rallied peacefully in Islamabad, while demonstrators clashed with police in the border city of Peshawar.
Musharraf has been under increasing pressure to quickly hold elections and resign as army commander since he suspended the constitution Saturday. He said emergency measures were needed to calm political instability he contends is hampering the fight with Taliban and Al Qaeda-linked militants.
President Bush, who counts the Pakistani leader as a key ally in the war with extremist groups, personally got involved Wednesday, telling Musharraf in a phone conversation that "the United States wants you to have the elections as scheduled and take your uniform off."
Some Pakistani officials had said earlier that the election could be delayed by up to a year, but Musharraf went on state-run television to announce the ballot would "be held before Feb. 15." He wore a blue business suit rather than his general's uniform.
"We think it is a good thing that President Musharraf has clarified the election date for the Pakistani people," said a statement from the Bush administration, which has been pressing him to return the country to civilian government.
Despite that pressure, Pakistani officials denied Musharraf's election decision was made because of the American demands or the spreading anger among Pakistanis frustrated by military rule.
"The government takes decision itself and there is no internal or external pressure on it," said the ruling party's president, Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain.
Critics contend Musharraf suspended the constitution, blacked out dozens of TV news channels, and ousted independent-minded judges to maintain his own grip on power, which he seized with a 1999 coup.
His emergency decree was issued as the Supreme Court was expected to rule on the legality of his reelection as president last month in a vote by legislators. Opponents say it was unconstitutional for him to be a presidential candidate because he also holds the powerful post of army chief.
In his TV appearance, Musharraf said he would be sworn in for a new five-year presidential term and resign as army commander once the Supreme Court - now purged of his sharpest critics - validates the vote.
Analysts predicted emergency measures would be lifted very soon after that happens. In defiance of a ban on public gatherings, Bhutto called for a huge demonstration today in Rawalpindi, a garrison town on the southern outskirts of the capital. It would be her first rally since Oct. 18, when she returned after eight years in self-imposed exile to lead her party in the parliamentary elections.
Her celebratory procession was shattered by suicide bombings that killed more than 145 people. Islamic militants were widely blamed.