|Tokyo officials made sure ballot boxes were empty yesterday. Exit polls showed the ruling party would end up with 106 to 110 seats in the 242-member upper house of parliament. (Itsuo Inouye/Associated Press)|
Exit polls show Japanese rejecting tax hikes
Loss of seats may mean gridlock as economy stalls
TOKYO — Japanese voters handed a stinging electoral defeat to the ruling party yesterday, exit polls showed, rejecting a proposal to increase taxes and handicapping a fledgling government struggling to keep the world’s second-largest economy from financial meltdown.
With public spending at more than double its GDP, Japan is trying to manage its ballooning debt while also addressing high unemployment and stagnant growth. Prime Minister Naoto Kan has warned that the country could face a Greek-style meltdown if it does not get its finances in order — possibly by raising the sales tax.
But projected losses in elections for the upper house of parliament indicate voters have rejected his solution, and will make it difficult for his government to effectively revive the economy.
The liberal Democratic Party of Japan was on its way to losing its slim majority — a stark contrast to the landslide victory it scored last August to end a pro-Washington, conservative party’s nearly 50-year grip on power.
Official results were expected today, but exit polls conducted by Japan’s public broadcaster and major TV networks projected the Democrats would end up with 106 to 110 seats in the 242-member chamber.
The election will not directly affect the Democrats’ grip on power because they control the more powerful lower house of parliament. But it does raise the serious prospect of gridlock.
“It’s bad news for Kan and the party, and it’s really bad news for the nation because it means there isn’t going to be resolute action on all the festering problems facing the government,’’ said Jeff Kingston, director of Asian studies at Temple University in Japan. “And that’s got global repercussions.’’
Japan is deeply invested in worldwide markets, and slow growth here can have a significant impact on the global economy. Kan said his experience as finance minister made him keenly aware of the need to keep Japan’s economic engine running, and not seek short-term fixes.
But, in acknowledging the defeat, Kan said he failed to fully explain his proposal to raise the sales tax from 5 percent to as much as 10 percent. Still, he vowed to press on with economic reforms even if they are not easy to stomach.
“I sincerely and humbly accept this result,’’ he said, adding: “I will continue to push for responsible government.’’
As the results came in, Kan said that his stance was seen as “sudden’’ by voters. But he said Japan needs to avoid a situation — like the one seen in Greece — in which public spending becomes unsustainable and leads to painful cuts in pensions and government salaries and benefits.
Many economists have slammed his analogy with Greece as alarmist — primarily because most of Japan’s government bonds are held domestically, meaning investors are less likely to bolt — and analysts said voters recoiled from the idea of paying more taxes.
“I don’t think Japan is in a position like Greece, but things aren’t good, either,’’ said Kingston. “I don’t think markets are going to react well to this. We are going to go through another period of a rudderless Japan. Japan’s leadership crisis is not over.’’
Japan has had six prime ministers in four years. Kan took power a month ago after former Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama quit amidst a funding scandal and his failure to keep a campaign promise to move a US Marine base off the southern island of Okinawa.
Now Kan will have to seek a coalition partner to avoid parliamentary gridlock. But the Democrats will face an emboldened opposition led by the Liberal Democratic Party, which governed the country for most of the post-World War II period.
“It will be increasingly difficult for Kan to exercise leadership,’’ said Tsuneo Watanabe, an analyst with the Tokyo Foundation, a nonprofit think tank. “I think it is inevitable that this will weaken him.’’