Amid diplomacy, N. Korea continues to threaten war
Its top diplomat travels to Russia, defends tactics
SEOUL — North Korea warned yesterday that it is ready for an all-out war even as it dispatched its top diplomat to Russia amid a flurry of regional diplomatic efforts to defuse tensions over the North’s deadly artillery attack on South Korea.
North Korea’s foreign minister, Pak Ui Chun, left for Russia, the North’s official Korean Central News Agency said in a one-sentence report. No details were given, but on Friday, Pak accused South Korea and the United States of pursuing a policy of hostility and confrontation and reiterated that North Korea needs its nuclear program to fend them off.
“We once again feel convinced that we have made the right choice in strengthening our defenses with the nuclear deterrent,’’ the Russian news agency Interfax quoted him as saying in an interview.
The North’s National Peace Committee also claimed that the United States and South Korea are pushing the situation on the Korean peninsula close to all-out war.
“The army and people of the [North] are ready for both escalated war and an all-out war,’’ the committee said in a statement carried by North Korea’s official news agency. “They will deal merciless retaliatory blows at the provocateurs and aggressors and blow up their citadels and bases.’’
The harsh rhetoric comes two days after North Korean leader Kim Jong Il met in Pyongyang with Chinese State Councilor Dai Bingguo, Beijing’s top foreign policy official. The two reached consensus on the situation on the Korean peninsula during candid and in-depth talks, China’s official Xinhua News Agency said, without elaborating.
It was not clear whether the two discussed the North’s Nov. 23 artillery attack on a South Korean island near the Koreas’ disputed western sea border. The barrage killed four South Koreans, including two civilians.
China has been under intense international pressure to use its diplomatic clout to rein in North Korea, its ally.
On Friday, China briefed South Korea on Dai’s meeting with Kim through a diplomatic channel, a South Korean Foreign Ministry official said, noting that North Korea’s position appeared to remain unchanged. He did not elaborate and asked not to be identified because of the issue’s sensitivity.
In Beijing, top Chinese nuclear envoy Wu Dawei gave his Japanese counterpart, Akitaka Saiki, a “detailed’’ briefing about Dai’s talks with Kim, Japan’s Kyodo News agency reported, citing Saiki.
Saiki declined to give further details, Kyodo said yesterday.
Governor Bill Richardson of New Mexico is to visit North Korea this coming week, raising the prospect of a diplomatic resolution to the tensions. He is to depart from the United States on Tuesday.
The diplomatic trouble-shooter has made regular visits to North Korea and has also hosted North Korean officials in New Mexico. He helped win the release of Americans held in North Korea in the 1990s and traveled to Pyongyang in 2007 to recover remains of US servicemen killed in the Korean War.
The flurry of diplomacy comes as South Korea’s president, Lee Myung Bak, expressed optimism during a trip to Malaysia that the reunification of Korea is drawing near.
“North Korea now remains one of the most belligerent nations in the world,’’ Lee said in an interview published Friday in a Malaysian newspaper. But, he added, it’s a “fact that the two Koreas will have to coexist peacefully and, in the end, realize reunification.’’
In a speech Thursday night, Lee made similar remarks, saying North Koreans have become increasingly aware that the South is better off. He did not elaborate on how their knowledge has expanded, but said it was “an important change that no one can stop.’’
“Reunification is drawing near,’’ Lee said, according to the president’s website.
He also called on China to urge North Korea to embrace the same economic openness that has led millions of Chinese out of poverty — and said that North Korean economic independence was the key to reunification.
Lee didn’t give a specific timeframe for the reunification of the Korean peninsula, which was divided after the end of Japanese rule in 1945 and officially remains in a state of war because the Koreas’ 1950-53 conflict ended with an armistice, not a peace treaty.