He also said there was no specific endorsement of ‘‘Internet control or Internet governance.’’ The U.S. and backers said the general acknowledgment of a government stake in 21st century telecommunications was just as troubling as any specific wording.
‘‘Internet policy should not be determined by member states, but by citizens, communities and broader society ... the private sector and civil society,’’ the head of the U.S. delegation, Terry Kramer, told the gathering late Thursday, ‘‘That has not happened here.’’
On Friday, Toure said it was impossible and illogical to ignore the Net.
‘‘If the word Internet was used frequently here in Dubai, it is simply a reflection of the reality of the modern world,’’ said Toure, a Russian-trained engineer from Mali. ‘‘Telecommunication networks are not just used for making voice calls, so our two worlds are linked.’’
Overshadowed by the Internet showdowns were other details in the pact. They include agreements that could lower mobile phone roaming charges, pledges to invest more communications infrastructure in poorer countries, efforts for greater communication technology for the disabled and a move to create a common emergency number for mobile phones and other devices.
Either the 911 or 112 number will be picked in later talks.
It’s unclear whether countries that rejected the pact could benefit from possible changes such as lower roaming rates when the accord takes effect in 2015.
‘‘Some really good stuff’’ in the accord, said a Twitter post by .nxt, a website following Internet policy. But it said the disputes over possible Internet controls forced the U.S and others ‘‘to bail’’ out on the deal.