In a tweet, ElBaradei called for an immediate meeting between Morsi, the defense and interior ministers, the Brotherhood’s political party, the National Salvation Front and parties of the ultraconservative Salafi movement ‘‘to take urgent steps to stop the violence and start a serious dialogue.’’
He said stopping the violence is the priority, but stuck by the front’s previous conditions for holding a dialogue — that Morsi form a national unity government and form a commission to amend contentious articles of the Islamist-backed constitution.
Morsi has been calling for the opposition into a national dialogue conference that has been meeting for more than a month. But almost all opposition parties have refused, calling the conference mere window dressing to allow Morsi to look like he is listening to opponents while keeping all power to himself.
The Front has depicted the unrest as a backlash against Islamists’ insistence on monopolizing power and as evidence that the Brotherhood and its allies are unable to manage the country on their own.
Morsi and the Brotherhood, in turn, have ignored the National Salvation Front’s repeated demands for a national unity government. Amid the crisis of the past week, officials in the presidency and Brotherhood have accused the opposition of condoning — or instigating — violence in the streets in an attempt to overturn the results of multiple elections that Islamists have consistently won.
The al-Nour Party’s separate initiative, however, pointed to cracks in Morsi’s support and Salafi party attempts to present itself as trustworthy political partner who are open to even the most liberal and secular-minded politicians.
The party called for the controversial prosecutor general appointed by Morsi to be replaced, a new government to be formed, and for there to be reconciliation with former regime members who are not facing charges of corruption, wrongdoing or killings.
Al-Nour underwent a period of internal fighting that ended with election of new leader, after the party’s founder split and formed a new party. The party is the second biggest political force, securing a quarter of the seats in the lower house of parliament in elections in late 2011. The lower house was since disbanded by a court order and new elections are expected within a few months.
‘‘Clearly there are real divisions within the Islamist bloc and they are not on the same page,’’ said Osama el-Ghazali Harb, member of the opposition and a political scientist. ‘‘Everyone feels that the situation is escalating and reaching a dangerous level. The country fracturing and there is violence everywhere.’’