Anti-American protests flare in Afghanistan; 4 dead, 71 hurt
Anger at report that Guantanamo staff desecrated Koran
JALALABAD, Afghanistan -- Shouting ''Death to America!" more than 1,000 demonstrators rioted and threw stones at a US military convoy yesterday, as protests spread to four Afghan provinces over a report that interrogators desecrated Islam's holy book at the US prison at Guantanamo Bay.
Police fired on the protesters, many of them students, trying to stifle the biggest display of anti-American anger since the ouster of the ruling Taliban militia 3Æ years ago. There were no reports of American casualties, but the violence left four dead and 71 injured in Jalalabad, a city 80 miles east of the capital, Kabul.
Mobs smashed car and shop windows and attacked government offices, the Pakistani consulate, and the offices of two UN agencies in Jalalabad. Smoke billowed from the consulate and a UN building. More than 50 foreign aid workers were reportedly evacuated.
The protests may expand into neighboring Pakistan, where a coalition of hard-line Islamic parties said it would hold nationwide demonstrations tomorrow over the alleged desecration of the Koran.
Many of the 520 inmates in Guantanamo are Pakistanis and Afghans captured after the Sept. 11 attacks. Despite both governments' support of the US-led war on terrorism, suspicion lingers in the conservative Muslim nations about the American military.
Growing urban unrest could pose another security challenge for the US-backed Afghan government, which is already battling a reinvigorated Taliban insurgency. About 18,000 US troops are in Afghanistan, fighting rebels and searching for Taliban and Al Qaeda leaders, including Osama bin Laden.
President Hamid Karzai, who travels to Washington this month for talks with President Bush, played down the violence.
''It is not the anti-American sentiment, it is a protest over news of the desecration of the holy Koran," Karzai told reporters after talks with NATO officials in Brussels.
''Afghanistan is now a democratic country, people can come out and protest and demonstrate and express themselves," Karzai said. ''It also shows that Afghanistan's institutions, the police, the army, are not yet ready to handle protests and demonstrations."
The source of anger was a brief report in the May 9 edition of Newsweek that interrogators at Guantanamo placed Korans on toilets to rattle suspects, and in at least one case ''flushed a holy book down the toilet."
Lieutenant Commander Flex Plexico, a Pentagon spokesman, said the US military was investigating. ''This allegation is contrary to our respect for cultural customs and fundamental belief in the freedom of religion," Plexico said.
Last weekend, Pakistan's government said it was ''deeply dismayed" about the report and registered its disapproval to Washington. Many Afghans read Pakistani papers and understand Pakistani broadcasts; access to satellite TV has mushroomed since US-led forces toppled the Taliban in late 2001.
The report of the alleged Koran desecration at Guantanamo has had little impact in the Arab world, however. The news stations Al-Jazeera and Al-Arabiyya reported the protests in Afghanistan and said the US was investigating, but no mention was made in Islamic Web forums where militants often comment on news reports.
Aid workers in Jalalabad suggested conservative clerics had been agitating for days in the mosques of the city, which lies in a Pashtun-dominated area that once welcomed the Taliban and Al Qaeda.
''They take things like that [reported abuse of the Koran] and link it to the US presence here," said Phil Halton of the Afghan NGO Security Organization. ''It's a familiar theme."
The unrest in Jalalabad began Tuesday, when protesters burned an effigy of Bush. It flared again yesterday, when more than 1,000 university and high school students marched through the city and stoned a convoy of US military vehicles.
The American troops fired into the air to force the crowd back and quickly left the scene, provincial intelligence chief Sardar Shah said.
Lieutenant Cindy Moore, a US military spokeswoman, said American forces were ordered to their camps but she had no information on whether any of them were caught up in the unrest.
Associated Press Television News footage showed Afghan troops firing dangerously low over the heads of fleeing demonstrators.
The Interior Ministry said four people were killed and that the 71 injured included six police officers.
Deputy provincial health chief Mohammed Ayub Shinwari said most of the injured were students. He said two of the dead had been shot and many of the injured also had suffered bullet wounds.
''There is a lot of damage to the city, they have burned a lot of things," Shah said. ''These are the enemies of peace and stability in Afghanistan who don't want people to be able to get on with their lives in peace."
Students held similar protests in three other provinces -- Laghman, Khost, and Wardak -- but there were no reports of violence.
Yesterday was not the first time Pakistan's diplomatic missions have been targeted in Afghanistan. The two countries' bilateral relations have historically been strained by border disputes.