Panetta says Al Qaeda on the ropes
KABUL - The United States is “within reach’’ of defeating Al Qaeda and is targeting 10 to 20 leaders who are key to the terrorist network’s survival, Defense Secretary Leon Panetta said in his first trip to Afghanistan since taking charge at the Pentagon.
Panetta, who led the CIA until June and oversaw the raid that killed Osama bin Laden, strongly endorsed the Obama administration’s increasingly aggressive campaign to hunt down Al Qaeda leaders in Pakistan, Yemen, and Somalia.
He said he would redouble efforts by the military and the spy agency to work together on counterterrorism missions outside the traditional war zones of Afghanistan and Iraq.
“Now is the moment, following what happened with bin Laden, to put maximum pressure on them, because I do believe that if we continue this effort that we can really cripple Al Qaeda as a threat to this country,’’ he told reporters on his plane en route to Afghanistan.
“I’m convinced,’’ he added, “that we’re within reach of strategically defeating Al Qaeda.’’
Panetta’s remarks were his first public comments since he became defense secretary July 1, as well as perhaps the most optimistic assessment by the Obama administration regarding the conflict with Al Qaeda.
Panetta argued that the longtime strategy of trying to defeat the network by focusing largely on its senior ranks - an approach that analysts refer to as “decapitation’’ - was finally paying dividends.
His statements about a fading Al Qaeda were echoed shortly after his arrival in Kabul yesterday by General David Petraeus, the outgoing commander of US and NATO forces in Afghanistan. Petraeus said US drone strikes in the remote tribal areas of Pakistan, near the Afghan border, had done “enormous damage’’ to Al Qaeda beyond the killing of bin Laden.
“That has very significantly disrupted their efforts,’’ Petraeus added, “and it does hold the prospect of really a strategic defeat - if you will, a strategic dismantling of Al Qaeda.’’ Petraeus is scheduled to take over Panetta’s job as director of the CIA in September.
Bin Laden’s network formally declared war against the United States in 1996 and has outlived many other predictions of its demise.
Over the years, the group has demonstrated the discipline and ability to replace dozens of operational commanders responsible for plotting attacks.
“Al Qaeda’s obituary has been written countless times over the past decade,’’ said Bruce Hoffman, a terrorism expert and professor of security studies at Georgetown University. “Each iteration has proved to be ephemeral, as the moment has continually shown itself to have a deeper bench than we imagine.’’
US officials have said they recovered a huge amount of computerized data about Al Qaeda’s internal communications when they located and killed bin Laden at a Pakistani compound in May. So far, however, hopes that the information would enable the CIA to quickly roll up the rest of the network’s leadership have faded.
A top operational commander, Ilyas Kashmiri, was reported killed by a US drone strike in Pakistan last month. But Al Qaeda has demonstrated a proven ability over the years to replace field commanders like him.
Replacing bin Laden will present Al Qaeda with a much tougher challenge. His longtime deputy and chosen successor, Ayman al-Zawahiri, an Egyptian surgeon, is considered a divisive figure within the movement.
Panetta said US intelligence officials believe that Zawahiri is hiding in Pakistan’s remote tribal areas near the Afghan border.