Women protesters in Egypt are assaulted
Attackers invade rally against sex harassment
CAIRO - A mob of hundreds of men assaulted women holding a march seeking an end to sexual harassment Friday, with the attackers overwhelming the male guardians and groping and molesting several of the female marchers in Cairo’s Tahrir Square.
From the ferocity of the assault, some of the victims said it appeared to have been an organized attempt to drive women out of demonstrations and trample on the prodemocracy protest movement.
The attack follows smaller-scale assaults on women this week in Tahrir, the epicenter of an uprising that forced Hosni Mubarak to resign last year. Thousands have been gathering in the square this week in protests on a variety of issues - mainly about fears that presidential elections this month will secure the continued rule by elements of Mubarak’s regime backed by the ruling military.
Earlier in the week, a reporter witnessed about 200 men assault a woman who eventually fainted before men trying to help could reach her.
The march Friday was called to demand an end to sex assaults. About 50 women participated, surrounded by a larger group of male supporters who joined hands to form a protective ring around them. The protesters carried posters saying, “The people want to cut the hand of the sexual harasser,’’ and chanted, “The Egyptian girl says it loudly, harassment is barbaric.’’
After the marchers entered a crowded corner of the square, a group of men waded into the women, heckling them and groping them. The male supporters tried to fend them off, and it turned into a melee involving a mob of hundreds.
The marchers tried to flee while the attackers chased them and male supporters tried to protect them. But the attackers persisted, cornering several women against a metal sidewalk railing, including an Associated Press reporter, shoving their hands down their clothes and trying to grab their bags. The male supporters fought back, swinging belts and fists and throwing water.
Eventually, the women were able to reach refuge in a nearby building with the mob still outside until they finally got out to safety.
“After what I saw and heard today. I am furious at so many things. Why beat a girl and strip her off? Why?’’ wrote Sally Zohney, one of the organizers of the event on Twitter.
The persistence of the attack raised the belief of many that it was intentional, though who orchestrated it was unclear.
Mariam Abdel-Shahid, a 25-year-old cinema student who took part in the march, said “sexual harassment will only take us backward.’’
“This is pressure on the woman to return home,’’ she said.
Ahmed Mansour, a 22-year-old male medical student who took part in the march, said there are “people here trying to abuse the large number of women protesters who feel safe and secure. Some people think it is targeted to make women hate coming here.’’
“I am here to take a position and to object to this obscene act in society,’’ he said.
Assaults on women have been a demoralizing turn for Egypt’s protest movement.
During the 18-day uprising against Mubarak last year, women say they briefly experienced a “new Egypt,’’ with none of the harassment that is common in Cairo’s streets taking place in Tahrir. Women participated in the anti-Mubarak uprising as leading activists, protesters, medics, and even fighters to ward off attacks by security agents or affiliated thugs. They have continued the role during the frequent protests during the past 15 months against the military, which took power after Mubarak’s fall Feb. 11, 2011.
But women have also been targeted, both by mobs and by military and security forces in crackdowns, a practice commonly used by Mubarak security against protesters. Lara Logan, a US correspondent for CBS television, was sexually assaulted by a frenzied mob in Tahrir on the day Mubarak stepped down, when hundreds of thousands of Egyptians came to the square to celebrate.
In a defining image of the post-Mubarak state violence against women, troops dispersing a December protest in Tahrir were captured on video stripping a woman’s top off down to her blue bra and stomping with their boots on her chest, as other troops pulled her by the arms across the ground.
That incident prompted an unprecedented march by some 10,000 women through central Cairo in December demanding Egypt’s ruling military step down in a show of outrage.
Sexual harassment of women, including against those who wear the Islamic headscarf or even cover their face, is common in Cairo. A 2008 report by the Egyptian Center for Women’s Rights says two-thirds of women in Egypt experienced sexual harassment daily .
A string of mass assaults on women in 2006 during the Muslim feast following the holy month of Ramadan prompted police to increase the number of patrols to combat it, but legislation providing punishment was never passed.