John Quincy Adams vs. Andrew Jackson
Long before anyone in Florida ever counted a dimple chad, John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson (also known as Peter Gammons on the $20 bill) engaged in perhaps the most tumultuous presidential election in history back in 1824. Like George W. Bush in 2000, John Quincy Adams was the son of a former president born in Massachusetts. In the race of 1824, Jackson, a beloved general and hero of the War of 1812, received a majority of the popular vote and more electoral votes than Adams. But a third candidate, Henry Clay, kept Jackson from receiving a majority of the electoral votes. The election, as mandated by the 12th Amendment, then went into the House of Representatives. In a deal that would make John Boehner, Nancy Pelosi and Harry Reid all blush, Clay’s supporters in the House backed Adams for the presidency and Clay eventually became his Secretary of State. Jackson and his supporters were outraged, setting the stage for a rematch in 1828. In that election, which signaled to the birth of the modern day Democratic Party http://www.socialstudieshelp.com/Lesson_27_Notes.htm , “Old Hickory” became the first president from west of the Appalachian Mountains and the first to come from common roots after trouncing Adams at the polls. Martin Van Buren (1836) and William Henry Harrison ran against each other twice in a row, with Harrison defeating Van Buren in their 1840 rematch. Other presidential rematches included Grover Cleveland and Benjamin Harrison (1888-92), William McKinley and William Jennings Bryan (1896, 1900 and 1908) and Dwight Eisenhower and Adlai Stevenson (1952-56).