The USADA last summer also banned physicians Michele Ferrari and Luis Garcia del Moral for life. USPS team director Johan Bruyneel, team doctor Pedro Celaya, and team trainer Jose “Pepe” Marti, whom the agency charged were key figures in the doping conspiracy, also are facing lifetime bans and have taken their cases to arbitration.
The UCI, which had questioned whether the USADA had provided Armstrong with due process, has 21 days to appeal the case to the independent Court of Arbitration for Sport in Switzerland. Part of the report includes Hamilton’s contention that the federation and Armstrong colluded to cover up his positive drug test at the Tour of Switzerland in 2001. Armstrong later offered to make a six-figure donation to the UCI for cycling development.
USADA said in its report that the UCI has “publicly prejudged the credibility of the witnesses and the evidence.” Tygart called on the federation to adopt the proposed “Truth and Reconciliation” amnesty program for doped competitors that it tabled last month because of reluctance to revisit what the USADA report called “one of the most sordid chapters in sports history.”
“It took tremendous courage for the riders on the USPS team and others to come forward and speak truthfully,” said Tygart. “It is not easy to admit your mistakes and accept your punishment. But that is what these riders have done for the good of the sport.”
John Powers can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.