Some of the best bird-watching in New England is in the Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge at the beaches of South Monomoy. Water birds, shorebirds, and owls are resident here, and well over 100 species use it as a stopover in spring and fall migrations. Birders should make a day trip aboard the Rip Ryder from Chatham (508-237-0420, monomoyislandferry.com). A little easier to reach (take the bus from the North Quincy stop on the Red Line), tiny Nickerson Beach in Quincy is a great spot to see terns, egrets, and oystercatchers and the occasional small hawk. Sachuest Town Beach (aka Second Beach) in Middletown, Rhode Island, has a birding trail that winds through the dunes and keeps naturalists and nesters safely separated.