A village focal point
A bridge was constructed over the Charles River at what's known today as John F. Kennedy Street. Traffic to Boston went through Harvard Square, which led to its business prominence.
Harvard Square became more of a focal point for the village after Harvard College was established.
The area was relatively isolated until the construction of the West Boston Bridge in 1793, which reduced the distance between Boston and Cambridge from 8 miles to 3 miles. As a result, immigrants began moving in and property values rose.