About 85 middle school students in Middlesex County were honored for their leadership, judgment, and decision-making -- especially when it came to avoiding drugs and alcohol -- at an annual peer leadership conference hosted by the Middlesex District Attorney's office.
The conference, which was also hosted by nonprofit Middlesex Partnerships for Youth and the Massachusetts Interscholastic Association, was held Monday at the Nashoba Valley Technical High School in Westford. Students from nine local schools who were chosen as role models by school officials were recognized at the event, according to a statement from the district attorney's office.
The nine school districts include Bedford, Dover-Sherborn, Groton-Dunstable, Littleton, Lowell, Reading, Somerville, Weston, and Wilmington.
The event included a keynote address by Middlesex District Attorney Marian Ryan, and a presentation by Interscholastic Association's "You Lead" program that supports and connects resources for young people choosing not to use drugs, drink alcohol or smoke tobacco.
“Our youth are under a tremendous amount of pressure whether it to be to fit in with their peers or to be academically or athletically successful,” Ryan said in the statement. “It is refreshing to see these youth who have made good choices in their lives and are committed to healthy living.
"This program is about supporting those who exhibit the confidence, maturity and strength to make positive decisions everyday and to help them continue to be a role model in their community.”
A similar event will be held next month for high school students, officials said.
For more information, visit the Middlesex District Attorney's website.
Local pastry and sandwich lovers, rejoice: the new Panera at the Main Street Marketplace plaza in Waltham is slated to open Nov. 27, according to company officials.
There will be a grand opening party on Dec. 4, where the first 200 customers who purchase something will receive a Panera travel mug with free refills for seven days, company representatives said.
Panera's opening is the last of the highly-anticipated fast food chains to begin service in the plaza: the new Five Guys Burgers and Fries opened in October, and Chipotle Mexican Grill opened in late September.
Panera previously hoped to include a drive-through in its initial plans, but city officials recommended dropping the plans, which the company did.
The Main Street Marketplace formerly hosted a Ford car dealership for over three decades before it closed down. Property owners started building about 10 new storefronts at the beginning of 2012.
Other stores in the plaza include iParty, Massage Envy, Aspen Dental, Doctors Express, and Supercuts.
Jaclyn Reiss can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org
Attorney Joseph Berman, Gov. Deval Patrick’s nominee for a Superior Court judgeship, came under fire Wednesday for his membership in the Anti-Defamation League, $110,000 in campaign contributions, and his representation of a prisoner at Guantanamo Bay detention camp.
At the start of the hearing, before his character witnesses finished testifying, Berman was criticized for belonging to the ADL. Berman is a board member of the New England chapter.
Councilor Marilyn Devaney called the ADL hypocritical because it refuses to recognize the Armenian genocide by the Turks. She said she has a bias against the ADL that she would be unable to put aside when considering the nominee.
Councilor Jennie Caissie said she objects to letters the organization writes to the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee prior to judicial candidate hearings. Caissie called the letters “bona fide litmus tests” on issues ranging from abortion to the First Amendment. She said she is troubled by the positions of the ADL, and criticized Berman for not withdrawing from the group.
Caissie said she was concerned Berman would be an activist judge. “I have said many times I don’t want ideologues on the bench,” she said.
Berman said if confirmed “I will check my ideology at the door.” He said he has thought deeply about his ability to be an impartial judge, and he tried to assure her he was not an ideologue.
“I am not going on the bench as an ADL judge . . . I am not there to advance its agenda. I am there to be a judge, and that’s what I will do,” Berman said.
Berman, a Weston resident who is a partner at the Boston law firm Looney & Grossman, was questioned for more than four hours by the eight-member panel that vets judicial nominees. He graduated from Dartmouth College and received his law degree from The University of Michigan Law School. His practice focuses on commercial litigation, trying several cases in Superior Court each year.
Jeffrey Robbins, an attorney at the Boston law firm Mintz Levin and a member of the ADL, said that Devaney and Berman “are exactly in accord,” on the Armenian genocide, saying Berman led the effort of the New England chapter in demanding the national organization change its position.
Berman, 49, told councilors he was tempted to resign from the ADL, but changed his mind because the organization does great work in so many other areas. He thought one commission member resigning would not make a difference, and decided to stay and work for change from the inside.
A spokesman for the ADL could not be reached for comment. The ADL was founded in 1913 to fight anti-Semitism and all forms of bigotry through information, education, legislation, and advocacy, according to the organization’s website.
Robbins said he hoped Berman would not be held accountable for decisions made by the national ADL. Caissie disagreed, saying people are defined by the groups they belong to, their friends, and their positions.
Councilor Robert Jubinville questioned why Berman did not leave the organization after mounting an insurrection. “It would have made a principled decision on your part,” Jubinville said.
Berman said it was a moral struggle and he ultimately decided the benefits of staying outweighed leaving.
Jubinville said Berman’s membership in the ADL raises concerns about his ideology, and how it might influence his decisions as a judge.
Berman said he would not be influenced, and added the ADL stands for protecting people against discrimination.
Jubinville argued the position papers of the ADL on judicial candidates point to an ideology, “and, you as a member take those, and champion those,” he said.
Berman said he agrees with most of the positions the group takes, except for the Armenian genocide, but it would not impact his judgeship. Berman said he would follow the law to the best he could interpret it.
“I can assure you councilor, I would decide cases based on the facts,” he said.
Berman described himself an idealist who decided to go to law school to change people’s lives. As a child, he said, he was inspired by the character Atticus Finch in Harper Lee’s book “To Kill a Mockingbird.” “I thought maybe you can change the world, or maybe you can change just one life,” he said.
He said he is called to public service because he has been very lucky in his life and wants to give back. His goal as a judge would be to always be prepared, patient, and opened-minded, with an awareness of how a judge’s decisions impact people’s lives, he told councilors.
His thoughts about the importance of keeping the judicial branch independent led him to represent a prisoner at Guantanamo Bay.
Caissie questioned Berman about his decision to go to Guantanamo. Berman said it was one of the cases he is most proud of in his career. He represented one client at the camp, who refused to meet him. The client was later released as part of an executive order by President Obama.
“The issue was to me a constitutional issue and a civil rights issue, which was depriving someone of their liberty without due process,” Berman said. “There are people who ought to be there, probably for the rest of their lives. But they are entitled to due process.”
Berman said he believes in the judicial system, and if the United States is going to detain someone that person is entitled to due process.
“It’s what makes us better than the terrorists,” Berman said.
Berman’s hefty political contributions also came up. Berman acknowledged he has given approximately $110,000 in donations during the last decade, exclusively to Democrats. He has given money to Patrick, former Lt. Gov. Timothy Murray, Treasurer Steve Grossman and Sen. Katherine Clark. In 2010, he gave $3,200 to the Democratic State Committee.
Jubinville asked him if he thought the public would have the perception that his large donations pushed him toward a judicial nomination. Berman said he understands some might raise eyebrows, but he said he would argue making contributions is almost counterproductive to any judicial nomination because it becomes part of the discussion.
Berman said he donates money because he believes democracy is not a spectator’s sport, adding that he does more than just give money. He said he has held campaign signs on street corners, gone door to door for candidates, and helped write campaign literature.
“We all do what we can do in our democracy. It is a First Amendment right,” Berman said.
“People make political donations. Some decide at some point in their life they want to become a judge,” he added.
Caissie charged that there was an uptick in his political donations after 2004 – the first time he applied for a judgeship on the district court bench. She asked how she could explain to constituents who are skeptical about the $100,000 in campaign contributions, and might think he “bought” the nomination.
She asked how much he has donated to charitable organizations this year. He did not know the answer.
Councilor Michael Albano applauded Berman for taking political positions and being actively involved. Albano said “of course” Berman has an ideology, and suggested it was naïve to think judges do not have political leanings. Albano said he was more interested in his sentencing philosophy.
Berman said he was not a fan of mandatory minimums because of infringements on judicial discretion.
Jubinville attempted to understand how Berman would treat defendants addicted to drugs. Jubinville said he sees judges who do not understand addiction, and when they put addicts in jail they are not helping the person.
Jubinville asked him a hypothetical about what he would do when a probation officer brings a defendant in who has failed a drug or alcohol test, and the probation officer wants the judge to incarcerate the person. Berman said he would hesitate to send the person to jail, unless he could be sure they were going to get treatment.
Jubinville asked if he thinks the person addicted to drugs has a choice or it is a medical problem. Berman said he thinks it is a little bit of both. People make choices and they have to be held accountable, Berman said.
If you want to live in Wellesley, Newton or Weston, you better have big-time bucks, a real estate report found.
The three affluent Boston suburbs were ranked among the 25 most expensive communities to buy a home nationwide, according to a Coldwell Banker Real Estate report released today that compared four-bedroom, two-bathroom houses in 1,900 real estate markets across the US.
According to the report, Weston was the 9th most expensive market, with a $1.23 million average price for a four-bedroom home. Wellesley came in 16th with $1.08 million, and Newton earned the 25th spot with $912,745.
Malibu, Calif. was deemed the most expensive, with a four-bedroom house costing about $2.16 million. About a dozen other California communities were among the most expensive 25, according to the report.
By comparison, the majority of the 25 most affordable housing markets were scattered throughout the midwest, with Cleveland, Ohio dubbed the least expensive: the average four-bedroom house costs $63,729 there, the report finds.
New York is the only state that had markets ranked on both the most expensive and affordable lists: a home in Buffalo costs $101,631, while a comparable Great Neck house costs an average of $1.1 million, the study said.
For more information, visit Coldwell Banker's website.
Jaclyn Reiss can be reached at email@example.com
President Obama is expected tonight to raise money at a reception and dinner in Weston, with about 60 high-powered, moneyed attendees planning to fill Democratic coffers.
The event is being hosted by longtime Democratic fundraiser Alan D. Solomont and his wife, Susan. Guests will be served Spanish-influenced fare in honor of Solomont’s post as US ambassador to Spain, which he completed in August. For dessert? Red Sox cookies.
Among those expected to attend are House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi; Governor Deval Patrick; Ken Burns, the director of acclaimed documentaries; Representative Steve Israel, who is chairman of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee; Swanee Hunt, former US ambassador to Austria; and retired US Navy admiral James Stavridis.
Also expected are several members of Congress, including John Tierney, of Salem; Niki Tsongas, of Lowell; and David Cicilline, of Rhode Island. Former congressman Barney Frank is also planning to attend, according to a DCCC aide.
It’s the fifth fundraiser that Obama has held in the 2014 cycle for the DCCC. Ticket prices ranged from $16,200 per person to $64,800 per couple. The DCCC would not say how much Obama expected to raise in total.
Solomont is the former US ambassador to Spain, serving from January 2010 until August 2013. He will start in January as the dean of the Jonathan M. Tisch College of Citizenship and Public Service at Tufts.
Solomont has for decades been a prominent Democratic fundraiser and his home has hosted the party’s luminaries. Bill and Hillary Clinton have partied at their home, as did Senator Edward M. Kennedy, John Kerry, Dick Gephardt, and Tom Daschle.
When Obama walks into his house, he will be able to view a mixture of paintings and Grateful Dead memorabilia. He could also peruse Solomont’s collection of autographs, which includes a 1794 document signed by Samuel Adams, letters from Eleanor Roosevelt, a letter signed by President Harry Truman, and an autograph and photo of Jack Kerouac.
Or, if he’s so inclined, Solomont could also show the president the House Judiciary committee’s roll-call vote on President Nixon’s impeachment.
Obama will attend the fundraiser after he delivers a health care speech at historic Faneuil Hall. He is scheduled to head to the airport after the fundraiser, leaving about an hour before the first pitch is thrown at Fenway to start Game 6 of the World Series.
Asked at the end of a White House briefing on Tuesday whether Obama would be staying in Boston for the game, press secretary (and die-hard Red Sox fan) Jay Carney said, “No, ma’am.”
Matt Viser can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org. This post first appeared on the Political Intelligence blog.
BOSTON (AP) — President Barack Obama plans to use Boston’s historic Faneuil Hall as a backdrop for a speech touting the federal health care law, and later headline a fundraiser at the Weston home of a top donor.
The White House says Obama will travel to Boston on Wednesday as his administration continues to deal with issues related to the rollout of the Affordable Care Act.
Faneuil Hall is where former Massachusetts Republican Gov. Mitt Romney — Obama’s rival in the 2012 presidential election — signed the state’s landmark health care law in 2006, with top Democrats standing by his side.
White House adviser David Simas tells The Boston Globe it’s the perfect setting to show how Democrats and Republicans can work together.
Obama’s visit is planned on the same day Health and Human Secretary Kathleen Sebelius testifies before Congress on problems with the government’s health care website.
While in Boston, Obama will attend a fund-raiser for the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee, which raises money for House campaigns around the country, the Globe reported. The fund-raiser, which will also include House minority leader Nancy Pelosi, will be at the Weston home of Alan Solomont, Obama’s former ambassador to Spain.
The Washington Post reported that the Weston event is one of at least nine fundraisers over the span of a month. According to the Post, tickets for the Weston event are as high as $64,800 a couple.
The state this week announced several major transportation projects, including plans to straighten part of the Massachusetts Turnpike that cuts through Allston and reconfigure exit and entrance ramps as well as some local roads.
State officials said the project will relieve traffic congestion and the pollution it produces, while opening up land for development.
The estimated $260-million, multi-phase project is scheduled to start in fall 2016 and be completed by 2020, according to the state transportation department.
The state said it is currently considering at least two options, or “conceptual alignments,” to straighten out I-90 and reconfigure ramps around the Allston-Brighton toll area, officials said.
The Pike’s alignment and interchange configuration there was originally driven by the layout of the abutting Beacon Park rail yard, transportation department spokesman Michael Verseckes said.
But, a large chunk of land in the rail yard was freed up several months ago when railroad company CSX Corp. vacated the property to move its operations to Westborough and Worcester.
As part of that move, CSX entered a purchase-and-sale agreement to sell the 80-acre rail yard to Harvard University, which, in its newly-approved master plan, says it hopes to eventually use the property as “enterprise research campus” space, but in the near-term will likely use the land for “construction support activities” as it builds out other projects.
Meanwhile, the state will maintain its transportation easement rights around the rail yard property, which will allow it to straighten the turnpike, preserve space for its commuter rail operations and reconfigure “the ramps and existing connections such that the area's future development potential can be maximized,” Verseckes said.
State officials said they expect the pike straightening project will open up about 60 acres of land for future development.
The project will replace a nearly half-mile long, “structurally deficient” viaduct that includes 29 bridge structures built in the mid-1960s, state officials said.
“Right now, MassDOT is evaluating the condition of the elevated portion of the turnpike in this area to identify any and all deficiencies,” Verseckes said.
And, officials said it will reduce congestion allowing traffic to flow through the area faster, which will also reduce greenhouse gas emissions from cars and trucks that often inch along as they try to travel there during rush hour.
The Massachusetts Department of Transportation said its Highway Division will coordinate the project “with federal, state and city representatives and conduct public outreach with business, educational and other area institutions in the area.”
“In the next several months, MassDOT will be working with stakeholders and abutting landowners to refine the designs, identify any potential environmental impacts, and move forward with a plan that reduces congestion in this area by simplifying the roadway's profile,” said Verseckes.
“The nearly 50-year-old Turnpike viaduct in Allston carries more than 100,000 vehicles daily and no longer meets today’s needs,” said a statement from the department’s Highway Administrator Frank DePaola. “This project will allow us to straighten the roadway, replace and reduce the length of the viaduct, and to better support and maintain the future all electronic tolling format at the interchange.”
Governor Deval Patrick announced the turnpike straightening plan and three other projects Tuesday: more details about the previously-announced plan to convert the turnpike to all-electronic, open road tolling; a $1.3 billion project to replace and increase the capacity of Red and Orange Line trains, and to replace the Clayton Street Bridge in Dorchester.
Edward "Ned" V. Parsons was appointed head of the Rivers School by its board of trustees on Monday.
Parsons will leave his current position as dean of faculty at Loomis Chaffee Day School in Windsor, CT to start at the Rivers School in Weston. He will be replacing Thomas P. Olverson, who is retiring after 17 years, according to a press release.
“The board and the search committee were impressed by Ned’s broad range of administrative experience, his collaborative relationships with faculty, and most importantly, his strong commitment to students,” said Clinton P. Harris, president of the board of trustees and a member of the head of school search committee.
At Loomis Chaffee, Parsons started as an English teacher in 1994, before being named dean of students in 1999 and dean of faculty in 2007. During his time at the school, he coached the girls' varsity ice hockey team for 12 years and was an admissions associate for three years.
He holds a B.A. in political science from Middlebury College, a M.A. n English from Middlebury's Bread Loaf School of English, and an Ed.M. in School Leadership from the Harvard Graduate School of Education.
“Ned embodies Rivers’ tradition of ‘Excellence with Humanity.’ His focus is constantly on creating the best educational experience for students,” said Deborah H. McAneny, chair of the search committee. “He sees himself – and Rivers – as engaged in the exercise of creating whole people, who value arts and athletics, intellect and integrity, friendship and fairness. He is a careful listener who promotes ambition, innovation, and success among those around him, and has an appealing and collaborative leadership style that promises to guide Rivers well.”
Shandana Mufti can be reached at email@example.com.
On the one hand, there is the kitschy Halloween beloved by small children, with silly or clever costumes, jack-o’-lanterns, and mountains of candy. On the other hand, there is the haunted-house fun of a good scare — be it from a gory costume or a spooky noise.
While traditional house-to-house trick-or-treating may still be the best way to spend Halloween itself, there are also any number of ways to explore the other dimensions of the holiday -- whether your preference leans more toward a walk through a graveyard or a craft activity.
Here some of the many ways to celebrate Halloween in communities west of Boston this year.
-- Halloween Walk and Tour of the Old Burying Ground in Lexington takes place Saturday (Oct 26) at 6:30 p.m. and leaves from the Depot Building, 13 Depot Square. Admission is $10 for adults and $6 for children, with discounts for Lexington Historical Society members. For reservations, more information, call 781-862-1703 or go to www.lexingtonhistory.org.
-- Frightful Friday at Gore Place, 52 Gore St., Waltham, in its final installment this week, has tours starting at 7 and 8:30 p.m. Admission is $15 adults, $10 for ages 5 through 12 and Gore Place members. Capacity is limited. For tickets, call 781-894-2798 or visit www.goreplace.org.
-- Murder at the Masquerade takes place at Merchants Row in the Colonial Inn, 48 Monument Square, Concord, Oct. 30 at 7 p.m., with doors opening at 6:15. The ticket price, which includes a gourmet three-course dinner, is $69. For reservations, e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org or call 978-371-2908, ext 544.
-- Spookapella, a concert by North Shore Acapella and guests, takes place Saturday Oct 26 cq/ts at the Center for Arts, 14 Summer St., Natick. The show begins at 8 p.m.; tickets are $22, or $20 for TCAN members. For tickets or information, call 508-647-0097 or go to www.natickarts.org.
-- Halloween Open House at Dana Hall School of Music, 103 Grove St. in Wellesley, is next Sunday, (October 27)2-4 p.m. Admission is free, but reservations are encouraged; call 781-237-6542 or e-mail email@example.com.
-- Pumpkin Patch, a seasonal party held annually by the Sudbury Valley Trustees at Wolbach Farm on Wolbach Road in Sudbury, is scheduled for Saturday(Oct 26). Admission is free for SVT members; $2 per person for nonmembers, with a family maximum of $10. For more details, call 978-443-5588 or go online to www.svtweb.org.
-- Decorate a Bag at Artbeat, 212A Mass Ave. in Arlington, Saturday (Oct 26)from noon to 7 p.m., and next Sunday (Oct 27) from noon to 5 p.m. Admission and supplies are free. For more information, call 781-646-2200 or go to www.artbeatonline.com.
-- Halloween Family Day at the Spellman Museum of Stamps and Postal History, on the Regis College campus at 235 Wellesley St. in Weston, takes place Saturday (Oct 26)from noon to 4 p.m. For more information, call 781-768-8367 or go to www.spellman.org.
-- Welcome to Our [Halloween] Home at the Orchard House, 399 Lexington Road, Concord, offers a special after-hours tour Saturday scheduled for Saturday(Oct 26)from 4:45 to 5:45 p.m. Admission $12 for adults, $10 for seniors and college students, $8 for ages 6-17, and $4 for ages 2-6. A family rate for two adults and up to four youths for this event will be offered at $30. Space is limited; reservations can be made by calling 978-369-4118, ext. 106; for more information, go to www.louisamayalcott.org.
-- Tales of the Night at Massachusetts Audubon Society’s Drumlin Farm Wildlife Sanctuary, 208 South Great Road in Lincoln, takes place Thursday and Friday (Oct 24 and 25)from 6:30 to 9 p.m. Tickets may be purchased in advance for $11 before Wednesday, Oct. 23, or after that for $13. Call 781-259-2218 or go to www.massaudubon.org/drumlin.
Republican candidates in the Fifth Congressional District want to take a seat in the House of Representatives with various goals, including reducing the federal deficit and auduting the nation’s central bank.
Republicans Frank Addivinola Jr., Michael Stopa and Tom Tierney alternately found difference with the national party in approach, and in the party’s stance on taxes.
The three candidates were given one week to respond to questions posed by the News Service. A similar questionnaire was given to the Democratic candidates.
QUESTION: What area of federal government is most in need of reform, and what specific changes would you recommend to improve it?
ADDIVINOLA: The area of government most in need of reform is entitlements. Commonly, the media immediately jumps on a Republican who says this, and marginalizes him/her as a non caring politician. Nothing could be further from the case in my instance. I come from a working class family who worked for everything they had, and I have continually bettered myself through education and hard work. I’d be the first person to lend a hand to a single mother in need, or to reach out to a disabled person with a helping hand or help someone who is out of work or facing other difficulties of life. But no one is ever made more successful, nor is given the self respect needed to be happy, with a hand out. With failed entitlement policy we have created a seemingly permanent class of people who are dependent on government for the essentials of living and seem unable to take the step to personal success, abundance and gratification. We need to create performance based measures for our social welfare programs, to make sure that, by giving, we are really helping. In addition to saving taxpayer money in the long run and shrinking the overall footprint of our government, it will first and foremost create the steps in the ladder of personal success that people in need can utilize so we can become prosperous, caring and giving society.
STOPA: There are many possible answers to this question, but I would put the Federal Reserve at the top of the list and the reform that is necessary is that it be audited.
TIERNEY: The budgeting process is truly out of control. We continue to run up huge annual deficits and few in Congress are willing to do anything about it. It's much easier to "kick the can down the road" and stick future generations with the consequences. We need tax increases now and spending reductions now to solve this problem.
QUESTION: Where have you found disagreement with national Republicans? Please name an instance and explain why you oppose the consensus formed within your party.
ADDIVINOLA: I am most at odds with the National GOP, not in specific policy issues, but in our inability to reach consensus. From my perspective, that task is not conceptually that difficult. It should be evident that our constituents, both Republican, Independent, and mainstream Democrat would be very happy with a party that dedicated itself to reducing waste, fraud, abuse and duplication. It is clear that those same people would be happier with less government intrusion into areas of their lives that is not required to maintain the national security. We, on both sides of the aisle, have lost the confidence of the American people because we don’t address the issues that affect people’s everyday lives. Giving people “things” offers a short term benefit quickly forgotten. Affording people opportunity creates greater success and long term happiness. You cannot regulate opportunity, nor can you legislate innovation. Opportunity and innovation drive this economy, create jobs and provide the platform for individual success and overall happiness. We need to coalesce around these issues first.
STOPA: The question assumes that there exists a single voice of the Republican Party. Just as in life, there are many voices that make up the voice of this nation. And all of those voices must be heard. Nothing is more contrary to Democracy than a monolithic approach to problem solving. H.L. Menken once said that, “For every complex problem there is an answer that is clear, simple, and wrong." Republicans in Massachusetts expect certain positions from their leadership that may differ from those of Republicans in Texas. What every Republican should demand, what every American should demand, is leadership and courage of convictions.
My goal in Washington is to elevate the level of discourse. As Martin Luther King, Jr., once said, “A genuine leader is not a searcher for consensus but a molder of consensus.” This applies without regard to party lines or ideologies. The House of Representatives is a great deliberative body worthy of such an approach. My 19 years of marriage tell me that one should not expect to get everything we want out of a negotiation and that compromise is imperative. But that compromise is based upon mutual respect and solid conviction. It is a two way street. Name calling and gross characterizations may be useful to generate sound bites but it is no way to work together to resolve the great issues that face our nation and indeed the world.
TIERNEY: I disagree with the Republication insistence that the Bush-Cheney tax cuts should continue. Their enactment was a mistake since the expected "trickle down" never occurred - - the rich just got richer; the poor got poorer; and our annual Federal deficit and our accumulated National debt have just exploded out of sight.
We need two-step tax reform: First, we should return immediately to the Year 2000 Clinton-Gringrich tax rates; and Second, we need a complete re-write of the Internal Revenue Code.