Children, students, workers, and senior citizens will be affected by cuts
The fiscal cliff is the answer to the the failures so far of Congress and the White House to deal with the government’s spiraling debt and overhaul its tax code. If a deal isn’t struck, cuts will go into effect next year as a part of a plan to trim the deficit by $2.1 trillion over the next 10 years.
Reports by the office of US Senator Tom Harkin and US Representative Edward J. Markey show the impact that the cuts will have on the states. Here’s a roundup of what Massachusetts can expect to be cut if the country goes over the fiscal cliff.
$3.1b in military and civilian federal research and development grants
That’s how much a report from the American Association for the Advancement of Science estimates that Massachusetts stands to lose over the next five years if the automatic cuts occur. Roughly half of those funds go to hospitals and universities for medical research.
Pictured: Jacqueline LeBlanc worked on the development of a blueberry turnover at the Combat Feeding Directorate in Natick.
$275m in health research grants
Massachusetts brings in about $2.5 billion annually in grants from the National Institues for Health, according to a report prepared by the office of Representative Edward J. Markey. The grants support 35,000 jobs, the report said. If the cuts occur, Massachusetts will lose $275 million of that funding next year.
Pictured are Dr. Tara Palmore, deputy hospital epidemiologist at the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, left, and Dr. Julie Segre, a geneticist with the National Human Genome Research Institute, at the NIH Clinical Center in Bethesda, Md.
Education grants: $18m
The money would be cut from Title I grants, according to a government report. The program is aimed at helping all students, especially those from disadvantaged backgrounds. More than 90 percent of the nation’s local educational agencies receive the funds.
The cut would mean 87 fewer schools would receive the funds and 26,495 fewer students would be served. The cut would also result in the loss of 250 education jobs, the report said.
Pictured are students outside of Lawrence High School.
Heating assistance: $11m
The Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program helped more than 200,000 households statewide pay for home heating and cooling for low-income families in 2011, according to a report prepared by the office of Representative Edward J. Markey.
Services for low-income families, individuals: $1.3m
The Community Services Block grants are mostly distributed by the states to community action agencies, such as Action for Boston Community Development, to help low-income individuals and families. The cut would mean that 55,560 fewer low-income people would be served, according to a government report.
Pictured: John J. Drew, president and CEO of ABCD, addressed supporters in July.
Head Start: $9.6m
Head Start provides competitive grants to local organizations to offer early childhood services for low-income children and families. The cut would result in the loss of 318 jobs and also mean that the program would serve 1,524 fewer children, according to a report prepared by the US Senate Appropriations Committee majority staff.
Pictured: Teacher’s assistant Janessa Jackson worked with Jada Jean, 4, left, and Amaya Jones-DeJesus, 5, at the Mattapan Family Service Center Head Start.
Child-care subsidies: $2.1m
The Child Care and Development Block grants are set aside for the states to help low-income families pay for child care. This year about 1.5 million children will receive subsidies for day care, which represents 18 percent of those eligible, according to a government report. Under the cut, 1,174 fewer children would be eligible for financial aid for their families to pay for day care.
Health care services for children, women: $878,047
The Maternal and Child Health Block Grant sets aside money for states to cover the cost of urgent health services for mothers and children, including prenatal care, oral health care, and school-based health programs. The cut would mean that 100,073 fewer women, children, and families would be served by the program statewide, according to a government report.
HIV prevention and testing services: $573,043
The money is set aside by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for distribution among state health departments. The cut would mean 14,326 fewer people statewide would be tested for HIV, according to a government report.
Pictured: HIV test counselor Alex Jimenez, left, and HIV prevention educator Roxanne Bowman, demonstrated an HIV test procedure during a San Antonio AIDS Foundation event.
Teacher education funds: $2.6m
The grants are used to pay for developing and retaining high-quality educators, according to a government report. The cut would mean that 2,773 fewer teachers would receive professional services. A report estimates that would impact 37,962 students. Pictured: Teachers left the Rindge and Latin School in Cambridge after taking a teacher-certification exam.
Breast and cervical cancer screenings: $132,047
The National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program assists low-income, uninsured, and underinsured women pay for services including pap tests, mammograms, and pelvic examiniations. The cut would mean 524 fewer women would be screened for breast and cervical cancer statewide, according to a government report.
Pictured: A technician positioned a woman at an imaging machine to receive a mammogram.
Special education grants: $21.2m
The federal government provides funds to the states and local communities to pay for costs associated with special education and other services for children with disabilities. The cuts would mean the state and local communities would have to cover costs previously paid for with federal funds, according to a government report. In Massachusetts, the cut would mean 256 fewer jobs paid for with federal funds.
Pictured: Governor Deval Patrick sat in on a P.A.C.E., or Practical Academic Community Education, class led by music therapist Laura Micheli in Malden. The special education class was rocking to the tune “Shake Uh-Huh.”
Vaccines for children: $313,794
Money is set aside for the states to purchase vaccines under the grant program. The cut would mean 4,593 fewer children would receive vaccinations statewide, according to a government report.
Funding for HIV drugs for uninsured patients: $1.1m
The AIDS Drug Assistance Program sets aside money to the states to buy medications to treat HIV or pay premium costs for health insurance coverage that provides access to and monitoring of drug treatments. The cut would mean 196 fewer patients would receive treatment, according to a government report.
Pictured: An AIDS patient displayed his antiretroviral medication.
Substance abuse prevention and treatment: $2.6m
Cuts to substance abuse and prevention programs would mean there would be 5,557 fewer admissions to substance abuse programs statewide, according to a government report.
Pictured is clinician Ellen Ficks at the High Point Treatment Center in Brockton.
Nutrition aid for seniors: $1.5m
The program delivers meals to the homes of senior citizens who suffer from limited mobility or live in isolated areas, according to a government report.
Pictured: People at the Milford Senior Center assembled meals for home-bound senior citizens.
Public health emergency preparation funds: $989,575
The Public Health Emergency Preparedness grants are given to the states to help them prepare for threats including infectious diseases, natural disasters, and explosions, according to a government report.
Nursing home and home health agency inspections: $715,990
Federal law requires that nursing homes be inspected every 15 months and that home health agencies be inspected every three years. The program also pays for routine inspections of labs, hospitals, transplant centers, and other facilities, according to a government report.
Family violence prevention and services: $161,212
The funding is set aside for local organizations that seek to prevent domestic violence, provide emergency shelter to domestic violence victims as well as other services, according to a government report. The cut would mean 71 fewer domestic violence victims would be served statewide and 883 fewer local crisis calls would be answered.
Pictured is an anti-domestic violence sign displayed in front of a store in Plymouth.
English language education grants: $1m
The federal government provides English Language Acquisition State Grants to help recent immigrants and others learn English. The cut would mean 3,479 fewer people would be served by the program, according to a government report.
Winnie Henri is pictured in her English as a second language class at the Boston International New Comers Academy. She came to the United States after the devastating earthquake in Haiti in 2011.
Funds for low-achieving schools: $564,288
School improvement grants are set aside to help persistently low-achieving schools, according to a government report.
Expanded learning opportunities for students: $1.2m
The Funds for 21st Century Community Learning Centers pay for learning opportunities outside the normal school day like summer school and after-school programs. The cut would result in 15 fewer centers statewide. Further, 1,425 fewer students would be served, according to a government report.
Pictured are students in the library at Chelsea High School. The school received a $135,000 grant from the program in 2010, according to government data.
Impact aid to schools: $17,597
Impact Aid provides grants to more than 1,000 school districts nationwide to offset additional costs or lost revenue associated with educating students who have a parent on active military duty, reside on Indian lands, or have some other connection to the federal government that either lowers the local tax base or increases the number of students served by the school district, according to a government report.
Preschool special education grants: $722,342
The federal government provides money to states to pay for special education services for children between the ages of 3 and 5 who have disabilities. The cut would cost Massachusetts nine jobs supported by this funding, according to a government report.
Pictured: Emily Norman, a special education teacher at the Early Childhood Center at Scituate High School, led a class session designed to help preschoolers get in touch with their feelings.
Special education grants for infants, toddlers: $587,624
The state receives funds from the federal government to pay for intervention services for children with disabilities from birth through age 2. The cut would mean that 1,187 fewer toddlers would be served by the program, according to a government report.
Pictured: Cian Scanlon dived into a ball-filled trough at the Bay Cove Early Intervention Center in Dorchester.
Career and technical education grants: $525,510
High schools, technical schools, and community colleges receive grants to prepare students to enter high-demand fields such as health care, renewable energy, science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. The cut would mean that 3,161 fewer students would be served, according to a government report.
Pictured: Teacher Paul Duplessis assisted 9th grade student Julia Marshall in a computer aided design class that’s part of a science, technology, engineering, and math program in Marlborough.
Federal work study: $1.4m
Colleges and universities receive funding to help low- and middle-income students pay for higher education costs. The cut would mean 1,246 fewer students in Massachusetts would receive work study aid, according to a government report.
University of Massachusetts-Amherst student Julie Halpin, pictured left, looked at her paycheck for her work-study job.
Education grants for college students: $657,068
Colleges and universities receive grants to provide aid to undergraduate students with exceptional financial need. The cut would mean that 903 fewer students in Massachusetts would receive the grants.
Job training grants: $3.4m
States receive Workforce Investment Act grants to provide employment and training services to low-skilled workers, high-school dropouts, and others under three separate funding programs. The cut would result in 6,627 fewer workers and youth receiving training in Massachusetts, according to a government report.
Pictured: Nancy Dapkas at her job at Whole Foods. After losing a job in retail, Dapkas completed a culinary training program.
Employment services funds: $1.1m
States receive federal funds to pay for job centers to help job seekers look for employment. The cut would mean that 24,665 fewer job seekers would be served by these centers, according to a government report.
Pictured: Clara Klimowicz of Framingham looked for work at the Employment and Training Resources Career Center in Westborough.
Veterans employment and training: $233,000
State workforce agencies receive funds from the Jobs for Veterans grant program to increase job opportunities for veterans. As of June, veterans who served in the military since September 2011 had an unemployment rate of 9.5 percent, which was 17 percent higher than the rate among nonveterans, according to a government report.
The cut would mean that 764 fewer veterans would receive these services, a report said.
Pictured: Veteran Samuel Campos, 29, held his resume as he waited to speak to a representative from Securitas during a job fair introducing veterans to careers in the security and private investigations industry at Yankee Stadium in the Bronx.
Cuts to Medicare providers
Payments to Medicare doctors, hospitals, and insurance companies would be cut by 2 percent. A report from the office of Reprentative Edward J. Markey predicts that the cut could excacerbate the current doctor shortages facing Massachusetts.
Pictured: A large rally was held outside the Citi Performing Arts Center in Boston on Nov. 9 to protest proposed cuts to Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid.
Jobs Corps: $2.7m
Jobs Corps provides economically at-risk youth with academic and vocational training that will help them secure a job, pursue more training or education, or join the military after graduating from the program. The cut would mean that 92 fewer youth would be served, according to a government report.
Pictured is a rally at Boston City Hall Plaza to protest youth jobs cuts in 2010.