With the presidential campaign in its final stretch last October, then-candidate Donald Trump released an ambitious 100-day action plan for his first 100 days in office.
“Donald Trump’s Contract with the American Voter” — which can still be found on his campaign website — listed a slate of policies his administration planned to pursue through both executive and legislative actions.
“This is my pledge to you,” Trump told a crowd in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
The president will hit the 100th-day milestone on Saturday. Here’s a look at whether he has kept his promises to the American public.
Executive Order Promises
Trump’s pledges to “clean up the corruption and special interest collusion” in politics:
FIRST, propose a Constitutional Amendment to impose term limits on all members of Congress;
STATUS: Not done. Despite a recent renewed push for term limits from some conservative lawmakers, the passing of such an amendment — which would require two-thirds support in Congress to pass — faces significant roadblocks, including stiff opposition from members of both parties.
SECOND, a hiring freeze on all federal employees to reduce federal workforce through attrition (exempting military, public safety, and public health);
STATUS: Done, briefly. Trump signed a presidential memorandum Jan. 23 that halted across-the-board federal hiring, but exempted military personnel and employees “necessary to meet national security or public safety responsibilities.” The hiring freeze was lifted earlier this month.
THIRD, a requirement that for every new federal regulation, two existing regulations must be eliminated;
STATUS: Done. In a Jan. 30 executive order, Trump directed that “for every one new regulation issued, at least two prior regulations be identified for elimination, and that the cost of planned regulations be prudently managed and controlled through a budgeting process.”
The order exempts regulations related to the military, national security, foreign affairs, agency organization or management, and any agency exempted at the discretion of the Office of Management and Budget Director Mick Mulvaney.
FOURTH, a 5 year-ban on White House and Congressional officials becoming lobbyists after they leave government service;
STATUS: It’s complicated. Trump signed an executive order on January 28, which, among other things, required new executive branch employees to pledge that they would not lobby the particular agency they worked at within five years of the end of their employment there. It does address other agencies. The order also allows Trump to grant waivers to exempt individuals from the ban.
The order does not apply to congressional officials. Such a ban would require action by Congress.
FIFTH, a lifetime ban on White House officials lobbying on behalf of a foreign government;
STATUS: Done. The same Jan. 28 executive order required new appointees to agree to a lifetime ban on lobbying for a foreign government. Waivers can also be issued for this ban.
SIXTH, a complete ban on foreign lobbyists raising money for American elections.
STATUS: Not done. So far, none of Trump’s orders on ethics reforms have included such a ban. Incidentally, The Intercept reported back in October that Trump’s presidential campaign accepted donations from several foreign lobbyists.
Trump’s plans to “protect American workers”:
FIRST, I will announce my intention to renegotiate NAFTA or withdraw from the deal under Article 2205
STATUS: Incomplete. While no substantive action has occurred, Trump said he still may push to renegotiate or terminate NAFTA in a recent interview with the Associated Press. Last month, CNN obtained a draft memo on the administration’s potential plans regarding the international trade agreement.
SECOND, I will announce our withdrawal from the Trans-Pacific Partnership
STATUS: Done. One of his first executive actions, Trump signed a memorandum on Jan. 23 that withdrew the United States from the proposed Pacific trade agreement, fulfilling one of his longtime campaign pledges.
THIRD, I will direct my Secretary of the Treasury to label China a currency manipulator
STATUS: Not done. In an interview with the Wall Street Journal earlier this month, Trump said he had changed his mind: “They’re not currency manipulators.”
FOURTH, I will direct the Secretary of Commerce and U.S. Trade Representative to identify all foreign trading abuses that unfairly impact American workers and direct them to use every tool under American and international law to end those abuses immediately
STATUS: Partially done. Just last month Trump signed an executive order directing government officials to produce a a country-by-country, product-by-product report on the United States’ trade deficit within 90 days, fulfilling the first half of Trump’s pledge. It’s unclear what will occur after the report is produced.
FIFTH, I will lift the restrictions on the production of $50 trillion dollars’ worth of job producing American energy reserves, including shale, oil, natural gas and clean coal.
STATUS: Work-in-progress. Completely unraveling the major energy regulations passed under President Barack Obama is not a quick or simple task. However, Trump got things started with an executive order last month that eliminated smaller restrictions on coal and greenhouse gas emissions.
Axios reports that Trump is expected to sign an executive order this week directing a review of off-shore drilling regulations, as well as possible locations for off-shore gas and oil “exploration.”
SIXTH, lift the Obama-Clinton roadblocks and allow vital energy infrastructure projects, like the Keystone Pipeline, to move forward
SEVENTH, cancel billions in payments to U.N. climate change programs and use the money to fix America’s water and environmental infrastructure
STATUS: Not done — yet. Trump’s budget would fulfill his pledge to eliminate the money the United States contributes to the United Nations’ initiatives to decrease emissions and help countries adapt to climate change. However, it’s unclear how much of the proposed budget will make it into the final budget passed by Congress.
Trump’s promises to “restore security and the constitutional rule of law”:
FIRST, cancel every unconstitutional executive action, memorandum and order issued by President Obama
STATUS: Work-in-progress. It’s not clear which executive actions by Obama are viewed as unconstitutional by Trump. There are many Obama-era actions that Trump has not yet touched and, as the Washington Post has written, many of them cannot simply be undone with the stroke of a pen.
Trump has also taken on Obama’s policies through his frequent use of executive orders, as well as the Congressional Review Act. According to NPR, Republicans have used the CRA — a previously little-used statute — to roll back at least 11 Obama-era regulations.
SECOND, begin the process of selecting a replacement for Justice Scalia from one of the 20 judges on my list, who will uphold and defend the Constitution of the United States
STATUS: Done. Justice Neil Gorsuch was confirmed and sworn in earlier this month.
THIRD, cancel all federal funding to Sanctuary Cities
FOURTH, begin removing the more than 2 million criminal illegal immigrants from the country and cancel visas to foreign countries that won’t take them back
STATUS: Work-in-progress. Trump signed an executive order on January 25 that prioritized undocumented immigrants convicted or accused of crimes. The order also directs Trump’s cabinet to step up pressure against “recalcitrant” countries that do not accept citizens deported from the United States.
FiveThirtyEight has reported on how Trump’s actions are expected to affect the undocumented immigrant community.
FIFTH, suspend immigration from terror-prone regions where vetting cannot safely occur. All vetting of people coming into our country will be considered extreme vetting.
STATUS: It’s complicated. Trump has signed two executive orders to suspending entry to the United States for all refugees, as well as citizens of seven majority Muslim countries. However, both bans quickly incited legal challenges and were blocked by the courts.
1. Middle Class Tax Relief And Simplification Act. An economic plan designed to grow the economy 4% per year and create at least 25 million new jobs through massive tax reduction and simplification, in combination with trade reform, regulatory relief, and lifting the restrictions on American energy. The largest tax reductions are for the middle class. A middle-class family with 2 children will get a 35% tax cut. The current number of brackets will be reduced from 7 to 3, and tax forms will likewise be greatly simplified. The business rate will be lowered from 35 to 15 percent, and the trillions of dollars of American corporate money overseas can now be brought back at a 10 percent rate.
STATUS: Work-in-progress. Trump unveiled an outline of a dramatic overhaul of the tax code on Wednesday, but key details — including how much the plan will impact the federal deficit — are still unknown. White House economic adviser Gary Cohn says the plan would cut the top income tax rate from 39.6 percent to 35 percent. It also would reduce the number of personal income tax brackets to just three rates: 10 percent, 25 percent and 35 percent. The plan would double the standard deduction for married couples to $24,000. It would also repeal the estate tax, the catch-all alternative minimum tax and the 3.8 percent tax on investment income from President Barack Obama’s health care law, according to The Associated Press.
Trump’s treasury secretary, Steve Mnuchin, has backtracked from a previous timeline of passing major tax reform by August.
2. End The Offshoring Act. Establishes tariffs to discourage companies from laying off their workers in order to relocate in other countries and ship their products back to the U.S. tax-free.
STATUS: Not done. Trump has vowed to fine companies that ship jobs overseas with a tariff of upwards of 35 percent on their products, but he hasn’t acted on this pledge.
3. American Energy & Infrastructure Act. Leverages public-private partnerships, and private investments through tax incentives, to spur $1 trillion in infrastructure investment over 10 years. It is revenue neutral.
STATUS: Not done. Despite being an area of potential bipartisan cooperation, neither the administration nor Congress has made progress on an infrastructure bill. CNN reports that Trump’s proposed budget would undermine his pledge to boost infrastructure spending.
4. School Choice And Education Opportunity Act. Redirects education dollars to give parents the right to send their kid to the public, private, charter, magnet, religious or home school of their choice. Ends common core, brings education supervision to local communities. It expands vocational and technical education, and makes 2 and 4-year college more affordable.
STATUS: Not done. Trump called on Congress last week to pass an education bill to increase funding for school vouchers, but there has been little movement on the issue at the federal level.
5. Repeal and Replace Obamacare Act. Fully repeals Obamacare and replaces it with Health Savings Accounts, the ability to purchase health insurance across state lines, and lets states manage Medicaid funds. Reforms will also include cutting the red tape at the FDA: there are over 4,000 drugs awaiting approval, and we especially want to speed the approval of life-saving medications.
STATUS: Not done. After a Republican effort to replace Obamacare collapsed last month, Trump told the Associated Press in a recent interview that his administration is “very close” to a new plan. Some Republican lawmakers said Tuesday they were making progress on a new bill. On Wednesday, the conservative House Freedom Caucus officially endorsed a new compromise on the bill, offering a jolt of momentum to the repeal effort. However, moderate Republicans have not yet signaled their support of the bill, and it remains unclear how close the GOP is to garnering enough support.
6. Affordable Childcare and Eldercare Act. Allows Americans to deduct childcare and elder care from their taxes, incentivizes employers to provide on-site childcare services, and creates tax-free Dependent Care Savings Accounts for both young and elderly dependents, with matching contributions for low-income families.
STATUS: Not done. Trump’s oldest daughter, Ivanka Trump, has spearheaded an effort to include child care tax deductions within tax reform, but Congress has not yet moved on the proposal.
7. End Illegal Immigration Act Fully-funds the construction of a wall on our southern border with the full understanding that the country Mexico will be reimbursing the United States for the full cost of such wall; establishes a 2-year mandatory minimum federal prison sentence for illegally re-entering the U.S. after a previous deportation, and a 5-year mandatory minimum for illegally re-entering for those with felony convictions, multiple misdemeanor convictions or two or more prior deportations; also reforms visa rules to enhance penalties for overstaying and to ensure open jobs are offered to American workers first.
STATUS: Not done. Trump has pushed for border wall construction funding to be included in a spending bill, ahead of a potential government shutdown deadline Friday. However, as Politico reported, other administration officials have publicly said funding for the wall is not a deal-breaker — which Trump has reportedly also conceded.
In a tweet Sunday, Trump said Mexico would pay for the wall “at a later date … in some form.”
Politifact reports that bills to impose mandatory minimum sentences for immigrants who illegally re-enter the country have been introduced in both the House and Senate — but have yet to even be considered by a committee.
8. Restoring Community Safety Act. Reduces surging crime, drugs and violence by creating a Task Force On Violent Crime and increasing funding for programs that train and assist local police; increases resources for federal law enforcement agencies and federal prosecutors to dismantle criminal gangs and put violent offenders behind bars.
STATUS: Partially done — though not through Congress. In a Feb. 9 executive order, Trump directed Attorney General Jeff Sessions to establish a task force to examine how to reduce crime. Trump signed another executive order that same day directing officials to review how the government is combatting drug cartels.
Experts told The New York Times at the time that the orders did little to build upon existing policies.
9. Restoring National Security Act. Rebuilds our military by eliminating the defense sequester and expanding military investment; provides Veterans with the ability to receive public VA treatment or attend the private doctor of their choice; protects our vital infrastructure from cyber-attack; establishes new screening procedures for immigration to ensure those who are admitted to our country support our people and our values
STATUS: Mixed. Let’s break this one down.
Trump’s proposed budget would boost defense spending by $54 billion, which would more than restore the $52 billion in cuts imposed on the Pentagon by Congress due to sequestration. The final budget, however, has not been worked out.
Earlier this month, Trump signed a bill extending a federal program allowing veterans to seek care from private doctors until next January and has also asked Congress in his budget proposal to increase the program’s funding by $3.5 million.
Trump issued a Jan. 27 memorandum directing the Department of Defense to “assess readiness conditions, including training, equipment maintenance, munitions, modernization, and infrastructure” — though it did not include any particular details regarding cyber attacks.
Trump’s original travel ban explicitly stated that the country should not “admit those who do not support the Constitution, or those who would place violent ideologies over American law.” However, the order was struck down in court. The revised order included no such ideological tests.
10. Clean up Corruption in Washington Act. Enacts new ethics reforms to Drain the Swamp and reduce the corrupting influence of special interests on our politics
STATUS: Not done. In addition to his aforementioned executive actions on lobbyists, the Associated Press recently reported how Trump’s actions as president have complicated his pledge to “Drain the Swamp.”