THIS STORY HAS BEEN FORMATTED FOR EASY PRINTING

Israeli writer defends his whistleblower articles

In this photo taken on Tuesday, Jan. 26, 2010, former Israeli soldier Anat Kamm, who has been under house arrest since December 2009, attends a court hearing in Tel-Aviv, Israel. On Thursday, April 8, 2010 an Israeli court allowed to publish Kamm's arrest. Kamm is charged with espionage for allegedly leaking more than 2,000 classified military documents to a local newspaper. In this photo taken on Tuesday, Jan. 26, 2010, former Israeli soldier Anat Kamm, who has been under house arrest since December 2009, attends a court hearing in Tel-Aviv, Israel. On Thursday, April 8, 2010 an Israeli court allowed to publish Kamm's arrest. Kamm is charged with espionage for allegedly leaking more than 2,000 classified military documents to a local newspaper. (AP Photos / David Bachar)
By Matti Friedman
Associated Press Writer / April 9, 2010

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JERUSALEM—An Israeli journalist who fled to London to avoid questioning by authorities in a case involving the leak of secret military documents defended his reporting Friday, after an Israeli court lifted a months-long gag order on the story.

Uri Blau, an investigative reporter for the Haaretz daily, said his life has become like a "spy movie" and that he is being persecuted for exposing information that was "not convenient for the establishment."

In 2007, Blau published an article alleging that the army had allowed the killing of wanted Palestinian militants despite a court order to arrest them alive if possible. His work was based on documents allegedly leaked to him by Anat Kamm, who had access to classified material as a young soldier doing her mandatory army service at the headquarters of the Israeli general in charge of the West Bank.

Kamm, who later became a reporter herself, is currently under house arrest and faces serious charges of espionage for taking more than 2,000 secret documents and giving them to Blau. Her attorney has denied that she intended to harm state security, but not that she took the documents.

The details of the case were kept secret in Israel for months by a court-issued gag order that was lifted Thursday after the story was published widely abroad. The gag order became the subject of ridicule in the Israeli press, which ran articles with instructions on how readers could find the story from foreign sources online.

Israeli authorities believe Blau still has many of the leaked documents. The controversial gag order seems to have been kept in place because authorities hoped to get them back before publicizing the case.

In his article in Haaretz on Friday, Blau wrote that a large amount of his "detailed personal information" had been obtained by authorities, that he had been warned that his phone was tapped and that unknown parties had broken into his Tel Aviv home.

He had been away from the country on a trip to China when he was told of Kamm's arrest, he said.

His newspaper later arranged for him to remain in London rather than return home, claiming the Shin Bet security service had broken a promise to grant the reporter immunity and allow him to protect his sources if he returned some of the most sensitive documents and had his computer destroyed.

The Justice Ministry counters that it was Blau who reneged on the deal by not turning over all of the documents.

"When I left Israel I had no reason to believe my backpacking trip with my girlfriend would suddenly turn into a spy movie," he wrote. "Experiences I have read about in suspense novels have become my reality in recent months."

When he realized he could be charged himself, Blau wrote, "I decided to fight."

"With apologies for using lofty language, this isn't only a war for my personal freedom but for the character of the country," he said.

Blau's 2007 article was approved for publication by Israel's military censor, meaning it contained no information that was deemed dangerous to state security. The story "showed readers authentic documents exposing the bureaucracy and banality of executions without trial," he wrote.

In an article alongside Blau's Friday piece, Haaretz accused the Shin Bet of "heavy pressure and threats against a journalist who is carrying out his duties."

The story featured Friday in front page headlines of all other Israeli dailies, most of which were critical of Kamm and of Haaretz.

Yediot Ahronot featured a photo of Kamm, a bespectacled 23-year-old, under the headline "The Mole."